The Finger Joint Woodwork – 5 Steps to Make a Perfect-Fitting Finger Joint

The Finger Joint Woodwork

The Finger Joint Woodwork is a joinery method that aims to simplify as well as beautify joints. A finger joint’s ultimate purpose is to hold joints together by interlocking them and preventing them from coming apart.

Finger joints are famous for making furniture as well as numerous woodworks that require a neat finish and appearance. However, there exist several important steps to pay attention to when making finger joints.  

So, in this article, you will understand how to make a finger joint and other joinery methods throughout this short read.

finger wood joints

finger wood joints

Section 1: What are The Finger Joint Woodwork?

1.1 What are finger joints?

The finger joint is a joinery method in woodworking that is popular for woodworking joints in making boxes and other solid shapes. These joints help to join pieces of wood together so as to form greater length.

1.2 Types of finger joints. 

 1.2.1 Square finger joint

This joint is one of the most common out there. Nevertheless, you can design it by joining different wood stocks from one end to the other. 

 1.2.2 Stepped finger joint

This joint finger type has a relatively simple design, with its manufacturing coming from stacking multiple saw blades with different blade sizes and cutting the wood stock.

 1.2.3 Slanted cut finger joint

The diagonal cut finger joint is angular. Also, it is characterized by cutting with a predetermined blade tilt angle at a trigonometric calculation.

Section 2: The Finger Joint Woodwork– How to cut finger joints?

2.1 Which blades should you choose?

So, to begin, you must choose the most suitable blade for your project. As a rule, you should use a combo blade on your saw. However, you should avoid combo blades having Alternate Top Bevel (ATB) teeth. This is because the ATB teeth cause your joint to be flat at the top. Your best option would be the ripping blade or a blade with a flat top tooth.

2.2 What tools do you need? 

Here is a list of all the tools you will need:

  • Dovetail saw
  • Coping saw
  • Chisels and a mallet
  • Small try square
  • Bora Clamps
  • Glue
  • Armor Tool Bench
  • Table Saw
  • Dado Stack

2.3 Setting up the cut and key.

Put your miter in the space of your table saw and select a piece bit of wood for a patron. Then, holding the patron against the miter measure, make one cut with your sharp edge.

2.4 Test cuts.

Now set the height of the blade just above the thickness of the wood that will cut. Therefore, we recommend making a test joint on a piece of wood, similar to what you are doing.  It’s conceivable that the supporter may require some slight acclimations to protect that the joint is the appropriate fit. Also, you can make the changes by releasing the screws holding the sponsor to the miter check and making slight moves nearer or further away from the sharp edge. 

To begin the joint’s cuts, place your first board vertically against the patron and the edge flush to the stop and clip it set up. With your hands and fingers securely away from the cutting edge, make the main cut. Also, at that point, unclamp the board and slide the space that you slice on to the stop. Presently you can clasp the board set up and make your subsequent cut. Rehash this cycle until you arrive at the contrary edge of the board.

2.5 The Finger Joint Woodwork– Cutting the joints

As you progress to the tail end of your board, you will most likely have an incomplete cut. At this point, toss your board to face the backer. Hence, slide your first cut into the slot. Furthermore, take your second board and flush against the first board and clamp it in place to be cut by your blade. After cutting through both boards, separate the second, slide it against the stop, and then continue to cut until another edge. 

finger jointing process

finger jointing process

2.6 Assembly.

After completing your finger joint, the next action is to assemble the joints. However, it is essential to cut a tad bit higher than your board depth to ease the cutting process and cater to parallax error.

2.7 The Finger Joint Woodwork– Clamping.

For clamping box joints, counterbalancing the clamps just to within the fingers guarantees you will have the option to pull the corners tight. 

Click for a video with up-to-date information on what finger joints are as well as how to make a perfected fitted finger joint.

Section 3: Is The Finger Joint Woodwork same as the box joint?

Most people regard the box joint and finger joint as the same. However, for specialists in woodworking, they believe there are intricate characteristics that make them different. Let’s take a look at how these joints differ.

The Finger Joint Woodwork vs. Box joint

You will find finger joints common in woodworking for combining stock of larger surface areas. The Finger Joints’ fingers are usually tighter and have a spike-like shape compared to the Box Joint. The most significant advantage of this kind of finger joint is joining two straight stock bits and joining different moldings. 

finger joint

finger joint

In contrast,  box joints fill a vastly different need. A box joint is like a dovetail joint. However, a major difference is that the cuts here are not strict. Instead, they are frequently rectangular. 

box joint

box joint

Summary: 

The finger joint is suitable for a vast range of applications, and this article has covered essential steps you must follow. Additionally, it is important that you work with trusted manufacturers and suppliers of saw blades and woodworking equipment. NCCuttingtools has got you covered. We have experienced professionals as well as top-quality tools. 

Cutting Dovetail Joint – 9 Steps For Making Dovetail Joints In An Easy Way

A dovetail joint in use

The cutting dovetail joint is one of the most elegant and striking woodwork joints. You will find dovetail joinery common in the construction as well as drawer construction. Additionally, it is common for drawer fronts because it is a stable, interlocking joint.  

There exist several techniques for making dovetail joints, and it is essential that you understand these techniques. 

This article presents nine essential steps for making dovetail joints in a very simple way. So, this article will help you to deliver outstanding structures using the dovetail layout.

Section 1: What is the dovetail joint?

Construction of a dovetail joint.

Construction of a dovetail joint.

The dovetail joint makes the wood have a firm grip and is a common joinery technique in woodworking technology. Examples include woodworks, furniture, cabinets, log buildings, as well as conventional timber framing. Hence, it prevents the easy pulling apart from the woods. 

Dovetail joints consist of pointed mating tails and pins. So, using a dovetail saw, marking equipment, and chisels, it is easy to create a dovetail joint. Additionally, making dovetails by hand affords you the freedom to layout pin and tail spacing. 

A major advantage of the dovetail is that the pins and tails interlock to create a mechanical bond. This mechanical bond protects the joint so the glue doesn’t break in the future.

Section 2: Types of dovetail joints.

Dovetail joints are a common choice because of their pleasing appearance as well as their excellent strength. However, there are many various types of dovetails. Additionally, different techniques exist for cutting each type. The kinds of dovetail joinery include the following.

2.1 Through Dovetail Joint

A through dovetail joint is a special type of dovetail joint. Hence, as you assemble the joints, both boards’ final grain is apparent. Through dovetails are common in the construction of crates as well as other complex wooden shapes. 

A through dovetail joint in use

A through dovetail joint in use.

2.2 Single-lap Dovetail Joint

You can also refer to the single-lap dovetail joint as a half-blind joint. Artisans who do not want the end grain visible from the joint’s front often use a single-lap dovetail. However, on the ends of the piece, the tails fit into mortises, covering their backs. A single-lap dovetail joint is a suitable choice for fastening drawer fronts to drawer sides.

A single-lap dovetail joint is in use

A single-lap dovetail joint is in use.

2.3 Double-lap Dovetail Joint

You can refer to the double-lap dovetail joint as the full-blind dovetail joint. So, just a small strip of final grain shows that the interior of the dovetail is hidden. Nevertheless, it is easier and faster to make than the secret dovetail miter. 

The double-lap dovetail joints are common, especially in more significant cases, such as sideboards or chests. Suppose the end grain is molded together with the long grain edges. In that case, the resulting shadow lines distinctly characterize the piece’s design.

A double-lap dovetail joint is in use for a wooden box

A double-lap dovetail joint is in use for a wooden box.

2.4 Secret Miter Dovetail Joint.

Many furniture made by carpenters is often not so stunning because of the visible appearance of joints.  A noticeable row of dovetails isn’t always aesthetically pleasing, no matter how elegantly made. The secret miter dovetail joint prevents this because it hides the visibility of the joint.

Additionally, this type of dovetail can provide a lot of strength. You can use them for cabinet shelves, sides, as well as partitions with drawer fronts. 

A secret miter dovetail joint is in use

A secret miter dovetail joint is in use.

Section 3: Which way is suitable for cutting the dovetail joint?

Let’s take a look at some suitable ways of cutting the dovetail joint.

  1. Using router
Cut dovetail joints

Cut dovetail joints.

A router is a hand-tool or power tool that cuts out hollow areas in rigid materials such as wood or plastic. In woodworking, you will typically find routers as a common tool. Typically in router tables, they are handheld or fixed, with the cutting finishing up.

The router’s hand tool type is the original form. It is a specialized hand plane that projects far beyond its base plate with a broad base and a narrow blade. Also, it has a spindle driven by an electric motor. 

Nevertheless, its power tool form is now the more common form. The hand tool version is now often referred to as router planes. It still has a few advantages over some power tools.

Advantages

  1. A router is a versatile tool. Hence, you can utilize it in making other types of joints.
  2. It is simple to set up and utilize. Unlike the chisel mortiser, the router requires less time to set up.
  3. Hand-cut
A hand-cut dovetail joint is in use

A hand-cut dovetail joint is in use.

A skilled carpenter has been producing dovetail joints for years using compact, precision saws and chisels. Usually, the carpenter ensures careful cutting on both sides of the wood using a chisel to prevent splintering. 

Hand-cut dovetail tenons can also hold the sides of furniture together. These dovetails offer numerous advantages, such as improved strength over extended periods. 

Advantages

  1. Hand-cut allows freedom of design since you will be utilizing hand tools to create the dovetail joint.
  2. It is very affordable.

Section 4: Cutting dovetail joint in hand-cut.

4.1 What tools do we need?

  1. Wood blocks or wood lengths are around 3/4 inches thick and 3 inches wide, and 5 inches high. 
  2. A pencil to mark each piece of wood is needed. 
  3. A backsaw and a coping saw will be useful.
  4. Two Chisels of sizes 3/4 inch and 1/2 inch
  5. A mallet
A dovetail joint

A dovetail joint.

4.2 Mark the Depth

Using a pencil, mark the thickness on all four sides of the wood. For this, you won’t need a marking gauge. However, keep one board close and make the marks against the other.

4.3 Mark Out the Tails

Transfer the marks, after marking the depths, to the end of the board. This way, you will create the same trace on the surface of all the boards. Then, transfer those marks across the top square to the board’s surface with a square tool. Also, make sure you point out the segments that you need to cut. 

4.4 Cut Tails

Next, you need to cut the tails of the dovetail joint. It would be best if you had a high degree of experience in cutting as well as making a dovetail. Steady hands are very important so as to ensure smooth surfaces.

4.5 Remove Tail Waste

Starting with a chisel (1/16″) from the depth line. You can chop a fast downstroke along the line. Then, at about 30 degrees, the angles are twisted. Next, insert the chisel straight into the stop line. Additionally, clean the wood back to the line for a proper match by under-cutting the joint.

4.6 Mark the Pins

Next, mark the pins on the joints using a cutting knife. Also, ensure you adhere to strict safety protocols to prevent accidents.

4.7 Cut the Pins

The pins of the dovetail

The pins of the dovetail.

The pins are cut in the vertical direction so as to obtain depth. Then, use a chisel to remove the waste.  

4.8 Remove Pin Waste

Chisel out the pin wastes after having a clean vertical cut with the hand saw. 

4.9 Final Fitting

The final fitting of the joints

The final fitting of the joints

The final fitting is the stage of testing the realistic view. However, you won’t get it to fit straight off the saw the first time. The correct position for cutting with a chisel must determine. You can build it by putting two boards together so that they overlap.  Use a chisel to cut the material until the match is tight.

NOTE| Be careful not to remove material from fit angles. It is to avoid having excess gaps after fitting.

4.10 Fit the Joint

After the final fitting, it should require a bit of force to put both boards together. Therefore, you can’t just develop the skills overnight. The more often you do it, the better and easier it will get.

For more information about cutting a dovetail joint, watch this video.

Summary

Nccuttingtools have taken you through the steps for easily making dovetail joints. We have experienced professionals to assist you with woodworking tools as well as activities. Do well to contact us for your woodworking tool needs as well as services. 

Cutting Bricks – 2 Steps You Should Take for Cutting Bricks Like a Professional

Brick cutting in progress

The advent of cutting bricks marked one of the revolutionary discoveries across the globe. Ever since its inception till date, bricks have remained the go-to and foremost building and construction material. Also, its strength and resistance to degradation or wear make it a number one choice. 

Despite their superior qualities, bricks are brittle, especially when not properly cured. Hence, you must pay extra care to cut bricks to avoid breakage and wastage. 

This article details the intricacies of cutting bricks and exposes some useful tips and tricks.  

Section 1: Which tools are appropriate?

The tools needed for cutting bricks would always vary based on the method used. Before now, a masonry chisel would perfectly cut bricks, although it is always tasking. And at least a 3/4 inch wide chisel would do the job well. 

Also, a brick hammer is great for cutting bricks. Nonetheless, if you want to use a bladed-brick chisel,  make sure it’s at least 3 inches wide. On the other hand, the downside to using hand tools is that they have poor precision. Consequently, it is safe to conclude that hand tools are easier to operate, flexible, and inexpensive.

However, the advent of power saws brought an end to poor accuracy and precision in cutting bricks. Nowadays, you can precisely cut bricks without the fear of committing a measurement error. In fact, these power saws could range from miter saws to angle grinders. Whether it’s the hand tool or power saw, you need to measure and mark out the region to cut.

In general, ensure you wear the appropriate safety gear such as goggles, a nose mask, and maybe a hand glove. The dust generated from cutting bricks is harmful to internal organs such as the lungs.

A worker operating an angle grinder with proper safety gear

Figure 2: A worker operating an angle grinder with proper safety gear.  

Section 2: How to cut bricks?

In this section, we describe cutting bricks with the use of both hand and power tool. Below are the steps to follow in chronological order:

2.1 Prepare tools

Ensure that you have the tools mentioned below ready to use and in good working condition. The tools you need will eventually depend on which approach you intend to use.

Angle grinder or Circular saw.

Pencil/Marker

Measuring tape

diamond masonry blade

Hammer

Chisel

Dust Mask

Square

Safety goggle

Workbench

Gloves

2.2 Cutting bricks with a circular saw or angle grinder.

Cutting bricks

 Cutting bricks

2.2.1 Draw a cutline.

With the pencil or marker, measuring tape, and square, measure and carefully draw the cutting line. This line will eliminate any possibility of making mistakes when you eventually start cutting, as it will guide you.

2.2.2 Attach a diamond masonry blade.

Since you are using an angle grinder or circular saw, then you must mount the blade. However, in this case, the blade is a diamond masonry blade installed using a wrench. Loosen the arbor nut or bolt and correctly place the blade with its teeth opposite the cutting direction. Lastly, tighten the bolt or nut as the case may be.  

Set of diamond blades

Figure 4: Set of diamond blades.

2.2.3 Test power tools.

Once you correctly mount the blade, you can plug in the saw or grinder to test run. The initial test run is to ascertain that the blade is balanced and will not wobble on the arbor. Now you can go for the cut.

 2.2.4 Cut the brick.

Remember that you have initially used a marker to mark-out the brick’s surface and bottom; now proceed to cut. Gradually progress into the brick, do not rush the process while allowing the blade to do the work. Start by cutting ½ inch deep; you can do this by setting the blade depth on the saw to ½ inch. But if it’s an angle grinder, use your discretion to figure out the initial depth to score the brick. Nevertheless, to avoid overheating, remove the blade from the brick every 30 seconds. The cutting depth into the brick largely depends on the brick’s thickness and the blade’s diameter.

Cutting brick using angle grinder

Figure 5: Cutting brick using angle grinder.

 2.2.5 Strike.

Place the already scored brick in a cantilever position and strike with a hammer. The unwanted part of the brick should fall off, and you can have your preferred brick size left. 

2.3 Cutting bricks with a chisel.

Brick chisel for cutting bricks

Figure 6: Brick chisel for cutting bricks.

 2.3.1 Draw a cutline.

With a pencil or marker, accurately draw the cutline around the four sides of the brick. 

2.3.2 Score along the cutlines.

Use a chisel placed at about 60 degrees to create initial grooves around the four-sided cutline. This groove should be about 1/16 inch deep.

2.3.3 Hammer along the groove.

Place a chisel along the scored cutline and firmly hammer. With a few precise hammerings, the unwanted part should come off.

2.3.4 Remove uneven and excess pieces of brick.

The wanted piece of brick may carry some excess brick along the freshly cut surface, chip them off. Either a chisel or stone carving file will perfectly do this job.

Section 3: Which is the best way to cut bricks?

Undoubtedly, the diamond saw blade is the best way to cut bricks, especially when precision is in dire need. Thus, this approach produces a clean cut without excess or uneven surface and edge. In addition, this approach requires no need for continuous hammering and stress that arises from chisel and hammer use. Therefore, only a saw blade or angle grinder will do the job efficiently and accurately for large projects.

Summary

In conclusion, we have outlined the various approaches to cutting bricks while also detailing the respective steps involved.  NCCuttingtools is an expert in the field of cutting tools and other related services. Should you require expert advice if you run into problems, do well to reach out. 

Wood Drill Bits: The Ultimate Complete Guide to Choose the Right One

Different sizes of wood drill bits

Are you planning on doing some woodworking? Whether you are a DIY enthusiast or a professional, it’s imperative to choose the project’s right drill bits.  You can pick between various types and materials, but it’s also vital to consider the specifics of the drilled application. In this article, we are focusing on how to choose wood drill bits. Our experts prepared a comprehensive guide and covered every detail. Here is what every woodworker should know to pick the right bit for the upcoming drilling project!

1. Major Types of Wood Drill Bits

You’ll find many wood drill bits types available in the market. While some categories overlap, we covered the main classes of these tools below. So, check out our selection and find your favorite.

1.1 Twist Bits (HSS)

A twist drill bit on a drilling tool

Caption: A twist drill bit on a drilling tool

Many would call these the standard drill bits for woodworking, but also other projects. It’s versatile and suitable for various applications, including plastic, wood, and even light metal. 

However, actual durability and performance will depend on the material selected. So, the experts suggest going with HSS twist bits made of high-speed steel. While drilling wood, make sure to clean the bit regularly because the flutes might capture the residue.

1.2 Brad Point Bits

Brad-point wood drill bit

Caption: Brad-point wood drill bit

Do you need to maximize accuracy when boring wooden applications? If the answer is yes, you’ll find brad-point units are the best drill bits for wood. 

These feature a sharp point on top to position everything correctly. Therefore, It ensures clean entrance and exit points. The extra-wide flutes make sure to direct the material away from the bit. 

1.3 Spade Bits

Spade drill bits closeup

Caption: Spade drill bits closeup

You’ll notice the spade shape, which is how the bit got its name. It’s easy to position and steady the bit while drilling the hole. If you need the hole to be wider, this tool is the right choice. However, you won’t find any flutes on spade bits. So, the chip removal is mostly the operator’s task.

1.4 Hole Saw

A hole saw close up

Caption: A hole saw close up

You can use a hole saw for wire-passing channels or setting up door and window hardware. The tool has a large diameter, and it makes it convenient for wider gaps than usual. Thanks to the pilot feature, it shouldn’t be challenging to position the tool properly. On top of that, it’s easy to remove any residue with the saw cylinder. It’s also possible to use a bi-metal hole saw for cutting through masonry and other rough materials.

1.5 Auger and Ship Auger Bits

An auger bit drilling wood

Caption: An auger bit drilling wood

You could say the auger bit’s tip has a screw-like shape. Once you initiate the hole, the form pulls the tool into the application. Thanks to that, the bit is capable of creating an accurate and mess-free hole. Additionally, this unit is an excellent choice for removing wood chips efficiently. 

Ship auger bits are a subcategory of these tools. They are suitable for unusually thick wooden applications, but also plastic and vinyl. Additionally, you can use them to cut through the nails without damaging the tool.

1.6 Pilot Drilling Countersink Bit

A countersink drill bit drilling a hole

Caption: A countersink drill bit drilling a hole

We could divide this bit’s performance into two categories. First, it drills a pilot hole. Next, it countersinks or counterbores them. Therefore, the fastener head goes under the application’s surface. The pilot drilling countersink bit does all these at a single pass, which makes it convenient to use.

2. What Are the Materials for Making the Woodworking Drill Bits?

High-speed drill bits on a white background

Caption: High-speed drill bits on a white background

It’s vital to consider both materials and coatings of preferred wood drill bits. However, we’ll first discuss the materials.

You have two options available, so choose carefully:

  • Carbon – steel with high and low carbon content can be suitable for drill bits. If you use a low-carbon drill, stick only to softwood. It would be best if you also sharpened them frequently, but their price is extremely affordable. On the other hand, high-carbon drills don’t require frequent sharpening, and they can be suitable for hardwood. Therefore, they are a better choice for demanding tasks.
  • HSS – it’s an abbreviation for high-speed steel. It is the highest quality material for drill bits because it can handle high heat while maintaining hardness and structure. 

As for the coatings, these are the available ones:

  • Titanium – It’s the most common coating option. It is resistant to corrosion and reasonably lightweight. On top of that, it’s relatively durable and can withstand high temps. 
  • Cobalt – professionals use these coatings primarily for metal. Therefore, it might not be necessary to invest in it if you plan only woodworking projects.
  • Zirconium – It features a mixture of zirconium nitride for additional durability. Additionally, it promotes accuracy because it reduces friction. 

3. How to Choose the Right Drill Bits for Woodworking

A closeup of the woodworking drill bit

Caption: A closeup of the woodworking drill bit

It’s always better to go with high-quality drill bits for wood. However, it’s all about finding the best balance between price and quality. Your crucial task is to find a bit suitable for your application. So, here are the primary factors to consider during the selection process!

Know the General Wood Type

The first thing to clarify is the material type. Therefore, you should be familiar with significant classes, which include hardwood and softwood. Now, these are the two main types, but there are many subcategories. 

For example, hickory is much tougher than pine. The experts advise you should go with wood boring drill bits that are tough. So, choose black oxide or titanium coating for additional strength. If you are only drilling soft materials, a simple steel bit should do the job. Despite that, it’s always smart to invest in a durable and long-lasting bit.

Assess the Type of Hole Needed

Another thing that could affect your selection is the hole type. Therefore, consider your plans. Would you like to install an anchor so that you can hang a picture in that hole? It will require picking the right bit size for the desired hole. On the other hand, a hole to pass a wire through might not need to be that accurate. 

4. How to Get a Wood Drill Bit Sharp Again

Sharpening a wood drill bit

Caption: Sharpening a wood drill bit

The primary tool to have for the sharpening process is a bench grinder. Before you start, make sure to put on safety goggles and other protective equipment.

Here are the steps for sharpening your wood drill bit.

  1. Analyze the bit to see which parts need sharpening and how much metal to remove. The idea is to keep as much of the bit material as possible.
  2. Activate the bench grinder and hold the bit firmly. Keep the bit straight as it contacts the wheel and starts the sharpening process.
  3. Avoid holding the bit against the grinder for over several seconds. Check the results and see if you need to continue sharpening. However, make sure to let the bit cool down – use water if necessary.
  4. Repeat the steps above with all sections of the bit that need sharpening.

You can also check out this video for an easy way to sharpen wood drill bits.

5. What Is the Right Speed to Drill Wood?

The suitable speed will depend on three factors – drill diameter, size, and the material you are drilling.

Here is a quick overview of suitable speeds for different woodworking drill bits:

  • Twist bits – the smallest drill bits from 3/16 to 3/8 inches can operate up to 3,000RPMs on softwood or 1,500RPMs on the hardwood. If you are using 1 1/16 – 1-inch diameters, limit the speed to 500RPMs for hard maple and similar materials and increase 750RPMs for softwood.
  • Brad-point – these can go up to 1,800RPMs for pine and other softwood materials. However, if you use ¾ or a larger drill diameter, consider reducing the speed to 1,000-1,200RPMs. If you are drilling hardwood, decrease the rate to 250RPMs for 1-inch diameter bits, and don’t go over 1,200RPMs for the smallest bits.
  • Spade – the speed can vary from 1,200 to RPMs for softwood and 700 to 1,500RPMs. The harder the material and the larger the bit, the slower the speed should be.

Ultimately, it will be a guessing game, but we provided some starting values in the list above. So, our recommendation is to start slow until you find a suitable speed for your material.

6. Tips for Maintaining Wood Bits

It doesn’t matter if you have short or long drill bits for wood. The maintenance tips remain the same. So, make sure to check them out below:

  • Use them with caution – the maintenance starts with using them properly. That means only using suitable speeds and good drill bits for that particular material. It minimizes the risk of damaging the tool.
  • Clean them regularly – it’s vital to clean the bit right after you finish an operation. That will ensure the tool remains clean for the upcoming tasks.
  • Store them away correctly – you should have a box for keeping the drill bits. Once you finish using them, please place them in that box to avoid potential damage.
  • Keep them free from moisture – you don’t want the bits to rust, which is why you should avoid water. 

Summary

Our article covered all the major points related to wood drill bits. We discussed the main types and materials and factors to consider when selecting your project’s right bit. 

If you need additional tools in your collection, don’t hesitate to contact NCCuttingtools today. The company provides a vast selection of tools and accessories and is ready to meet customized order requirements. If you have any questions or items required for your next project, don’t hesitate to contact us.

Drill Bits for Wood – How to Drill a Hole in Wood?

A drilled hole and bit

About Drill bits for wood, Countless projects occur daily across the globe, and they involve the use of various techniques and machines. However, one of the most prominent among these techniques is drilling, whether for metal, wood, plastic, etc.

Most importantly, drilling a hole allows for the use of fasteners. Hence, in any woodwork, drilling a hole is essential for its success. Factors such as wood type, hole size contribute to the nature of drill bits for woods needed for a task. 

Consequently, this article will enlighten you on taking to drilling a hole in wood properly. 

A drilled hole and bit.

Figure 1: A drilled hole and bit.

Section 1: Which tools can we use between drill bits and driving Bits?

Generally, a drill bit makes a hole and can also drive screws through woods. On the other hand, a driving bit can only drive screws through woods. Below are few types of drill and driving bits and their corresponding use:

Drill bits:

Forstner bit- This is perfect for dowels and comes in various sizes.

Spade- This has a center bit that stabilizes it through large hole drilling.

Countersink- Creates a canonical hole that allows for an effortless flush of screw heads with the wood.

Helical- The most common among all drill bits with varying sizes (diameter and length).

Hole saw- This also makes a large hole, but it does not create chips. Instead, the waste ejected is cylindrical. 

A Forstner bit.

Figure 2: A Forstner bit.

Driving bits:

Torx- This has a higher ability to get adequately torqued without the risk of a cam-out. However, it’s not readily available in most markets.

Allen- This is similar to Torx with all its characteristics but rarely used in woodworks. 

Phillip- This is by far the most versatile driving bit and screw head. It is possible to drive undersized or oversized screws. More so, you are not likely to experience cam-out (breaking of the screw head due to overtightening). 

Robertson- It’s quite rare but also known as a square drive. It does not cam-out and is very easy to use.

Slot- This is the most common driver style, which requires less force to drive but can easily cam-out.  

Allen key

Figure 3: Allen key 

A drill bit is the best option to drill wood due to its versatility over driving bits. Also, bits are more available and easier to lay hands on than driving bits. 

Section 2: Prepare the tools we need.

Undoubtedly, you will require some tools to effectively drill and they are as follows:

  • Drill
  • Center punch
  • Tape
  • Pencil

Section 3: How to drill a hole in the wood with drill bits for wood?

Drilling in progress.

Figure 4: Drilling in progress.

3.1 Mark the spot with a pencil or tape before you begin.

Once you have correctly measured the spot you want the hole located on, then you must mark. You can mark with a pencil or use tape to make an “X” sign on the spot to drill.  The use of tape is better because it eliminates the risk of a tear-out when drilling commences. 

3.2 Create an indent that your drill bit can grip.

With a center punch, you can create an indent at the center of the taped or pencil-marked portion. This indent will help to guide the drill bit as it advances into the wood when drilling commences. Ultimately, an indentation prevents the drill bit from slipping off the marked point. 

3.3 Choose the right size drill bit for wood.

It would help if you decided on the depth and diameter of the hole you want before starting to drill. Then you can proceed to select appropriate drill bits for wood from the available set. Remember that the drilled hole must not be too big either too small for the fastener to pass through. Hence, correct sizing is exceptionally vital. 

If the hole is for the nail to pass through, make it a bit smaller than the nail size. On the other hand, if the hole is for screws, make it the same as the screw’s body. Besides, some charts bear the corresponding drill bits for the wood needed for a particular fastener. It is better off to have a smaller hole that allows for expansion than a bigger hole for the fastener.

3.4 Clamp your wood boards to steady them.

When drilling, vibrations will occur, and these might dislodge the wood boards and cause errors. Thus, there is a need to clamp them when drilling. More so, clamping the boards will allow you to drill with both hands properly. Sometimes, apply some glue to a portion of the boards before clamping.

3.5 Keep your drill bit perpendicular and slowly drill your pilot hole.

Provided you have properly clamped the boards; you can then expect a precise perpendicularity of the drill bit. Start drilling at a slow speed via the indent and gradually increase the speed if required. Also, ensure you have strapped-on the proper safety gears, especially safety goggles.

3.6 Know when to stop.

As said earlier, you must have determined the hole’s expected depth, which corresponds to that of the fastener. Once you reach the target depth, stop drilling immediately. 

3.7 Achieve a rough pilot hole without a power drill.

In a case where a power drill is not accessible, use a nail to create the hole. Afterward, remove the nail and manually drive in the screw.  

Section 4: How to drill a large hole in wood?

Drilling large holes differ from the usual small holes, which drill bits for wood drills. Using a hole saw, you can drill large holes from 19mm up to 57mm. Any hole less in size is a small one and a regular drill bit can drill such. Unlike drill bits for wood, the hole saw has teeth around its round tube with a pilot bit. 

To drill a large hole with a hole saw, carry out the following steps:

  1. Mount the hole saw on the drill’s arbor bearing in mind the size of hole you intend to drill. 
  2. Fix the pilot bit on the arbor via its shank and a grub screw to hold it in place.
  3. Ensure that the pilot bit protrudes past the hole saw’s teeth to give stability and accuracy when drilling.
  4. Start and complete your drilling at a low gear and speed setting. 
A hole saw

Figure 5: A hole saw.

Section 5: How to prevent the wood from tearing when drilling?

Majorly tearing occurs on the exit side of the wood when using drill bits for wood. It happens when some wood fiber gets stuck to the bit’s tip, and you pull out. You can prevent this by using a sacrificial board on the exit side of the primary workpiece.  

Summary 

Finally, we have demonstrated the crucial steps to use drill bits for wood to make holes. We have outlined other useful tips to help you achieve great results during drilling as well. NCCuttingtools is a force to reckon with in general and customized cutting tools production and supply. Should you require any assistance or help, do not hesitate to reach out.

Metal Drill Bits – 5 Tips You Must Know to Choose and use the Best Metal Drill Bits

Drill bits

Choosing the best metal drill bits can prove to be a game-changer for your project. However, this is not so easy as there are several types of metal drill bits. These drill bits vary by size, shape, and drill point angles. Hence, there are several tips you must consider for your drilling projects.

This article will talk about the different metal drill bits and their applications for various purposes. You will be able to tell different metal drill bits and which is best to give the highest productivity for your project.

Section 2: Drill bit types for metal.

Because different drill types are suitable for different metals, you must understand the types of drill bits and their application to different materials.

2.1 Step bit.

step drill bit is a drill bit with a conical profile. The conical structure of the step bit makes it suitable for cutting wider ranges of holes. Therefore, the step bit is common among construction workers and metal sheet benders. The configuration of the step bit makes them most suitable for cutting soft materials as well as metals. The greatest advantage of the step is its diameter maneuvering feature, making for a smoother and neater cut. 

step drill bits

step drill bits

2.2 Twist bit.

Twist drill bits are probably the most commonly used type of drill bit, usually for general and non-expert drilling applications. The primary feature that characterizes a twist bit is its helix profile shape, which allows for easy cutting for even non-experts. 

Long twist drill bits are for drilling openings that run further than a standard-length drill bit. Additionally, they can cut hard metals of great thickness. 

Section 3: What to Consider When Choosing the Best Drill Bits for Metal?

To get the best out of your workpiece, you have to have the very best drill bit for metals. It will involve putting many factors into consideration, from the material type to the size of the drill bit. Choosing the best drill bit for your workpiece can improve your drill bits’ shelf life immensely as well as offer a better economic value. Below are several factors that you must consider in choosing your drill bit for metals

3.1 Material

Most drill bits for metals are either high-speed steel or carbide. Also, they can be cobalt. Nevertheless, different drill bits have different properties and applications, which makes them distinct from each other. Observe below the different material types and their application.

3.1.1 HSS

HSS is one of the most popular drill bits due to its all-round application and diverse applications. This tool is best suitable to cut non ferrous and ferrous metals, and it can also cut carbon steel should the need arise.

HSS drill bit

HSS drill bit

3.1.2 Cobalt steel

Cobalt steel is also a popular metal in a wide range of industries. However, unlike many other metals, it is most suitable for cutting nonferrous metals. 

Cobalt drill bits

Cobalt drill bits

3.1.3 Carbide-tipped

The carbide tipped drill bit is a masonry bit that is particularly suitable for cutting hard materials. It has a longer shelf life, making it more durable and cost-effective than most metal drill bits. 

Carbide-tipped
Carbide-tipped

3.1.4 Carbide

This material type is best suitable for cutting nonferrous metals. Drill bits with this material are most compatible with stronger metals due to wear resistance and shelf life.

carbide drill bits

carbide drill bits

3.2 Coating

Drill bit coating is also an important aspect to discuss. It covers the drill bits, and it helps to reduce friction, buckling, and wear. Most bits usually have titanium as coatings to reduce overheating and increase productivity. 

 3.2.1 Uncoated

Uncoated bits are particularly applicable to cutting plastic, woods, as well as soft metals like aluminum. Because the materials are generally of low density and strength, uncoated drill bits work perfectly. 

3.2.2 Black oxide/ Black and gold oxide

The black oxide coating helps to increase chip flow and subsequently reduce friction. They are mostly suitable for cutting ferrous materials.  

drill bit with a black oxide coating

drill bit with a black oxide coating

 3.2.3 Titanium-nitride (TiN) coated

These are similar to uncoated drill bits. However, TiN coated bits can admittedly cut faster than uncoated bits. Additionally, they have a higher shelf life, thereby offering more economic value. 

TiN-coated bits

TiN-coated bits

 3.2.4 Titanium-aluminum-nitride (TiAlN)/ Aluminum-titanium-nitride (AlTiN) coated

AlTiN is the strongest coating, which makes it best suitable for cutting both stronger and softer irons. TiAlN, on the other hand, has applications in high-alloy carbon steel and titanium. 

3.3 Shank Design 

The shank is the end of your drill bit that you attach to your drill chuck. However, it is worthy of mentioning that we have different chuck sizes and match the corresponding bit size. Let’s take a look at these shank types.

 3.3.1 no-spin shank.

The no-spin shank comes with a unique flute design that keeps the drill bit from wandering.

 3.3.2 Hex shank.

The hex shank comes with a sturdy six side design that helps it remain steady during cutting operations on hard metals.

3.4 Nit style

The nit style of a drill bit is essential because they are responsible for carrying out cutting. More so, they also determine the type of cuts that applies to your metal.

 3.4.1 Spiral-flute

Spiral or Standard flute is the most common type of nit style with a 30° angle inclination. Hence, they are suitable for hard metals.

 3.4.2 Parabolic spiral-flute

Parabolic spiral flute design cuts in a self-clearing way as it helps remove chips as you continue cutting. They are most suitable for cutting plastics and aluminum. 

Section 4: How to Tell If a Drill Bit Is for Metal?

There are different ways you can tell if a drill bit is for metal or other materials. Hence, you must take note of the following.

4.1 The tip angle

The tip angle will determine the type of material the drill bit can cut. The common angles include 118 and 135 degrees. For most minor drilling tasks, drill bits with 118-degree tip angles are suitable. However, if you are looking to cut on hardened materials or metals, then the drill bits with a 135-degree tip angle are perfect.  

4.2 Metal-boring bits

Like in the tip angles, metal drill bits have a flute taper configuration between 118- or 135-degree angles.  Also, as a rule, you should utilize the 135 degrees variant for metal boring.

4.3 The step bit option

If you have to undertake an all-purpose project, you should opt for a cone-shaped step bit. The cone shape helps you determine the diameter of the hole at each step. You can opt for a conventional HSS variant. However, if you are looking for a stronger bit with higher shelf life, choose the gold variant with titanium nitride.

Section 5: Tips for Using Drill Bits for Metal

Buying a drill bit can be difficult, especially if you are personally researching the profile design, material type, and different applications. Manufacturers guide every drill bit they produce to help ease this burden, indicating their design and application. Below are a few tips that can prove useful in using a drill bit.

  • Create a depression or pilot hole with a center punch to reduce wandering from the drill bit.
  • Always add lubrication as you drill to reduce wear on the bit and reduce overheating. 
  • Always cut at intervals to prevent the drill bit from buckling and breaking.

Section 6: FAQ: About Your New Drill Bits for Metal

Using a drill bit can prove tricky, especially if you are an amateur. More so, you will have basic questions on using the drill bit. Not to worry, you will find any and such questions along with their answers below.

6.1 Is a cobalt or titanium drill bit better?

Depending on the kind of project you are working on, you can choose either. You can opt for titanium for softer materials like aluminum. However, cobalt is more suited to hard metals.

6.2 How can you drill through thick metal? 

To cut through thick metal using a hand drill is a better option than the drill press. The hand drill offers a smoother and cleaner hole cut. Using sufficient lubrication is also a plus in cutting thick metal. Finally, it would be best if you cut at intervals to allow metal rest to prevent overheating.

6.3 How can I sharpen my drill bits for metal?

You can use a bench grinder to make your cutting-edge sharper. Keeping your cutting edge sharp will make you cut better and increase the drill bit’s shelf life.

6.4 Do I need to clean drill bits after each use?

After every cutting operation, take a soft cloth to wipe off every residue left to prevent dullness and corrosion.

6.5 How do I remove a broken drill bit from metal?

Pick a pair of pliers and add lubrication oil to your broken drill bit before grabbing the fractured end with your plier. 

Summary

Metal drill bits are a popular tool among professional, skilled users as well as unskilled operators. However, choosing the best drill bit for a project can prove tricky than most people can handle.

In this article, you must have learned about numerous essential tips for drill bits for metal. However, as you are looking to carry out drill bit projects, NCCuttingtools has got you covered. We have the best products as well as professionals to attend to all drill bit needs. Contact us today. 

Woodworking Table Saws-7 Tips You Need to Consider When Choosing

A table saw in a workshop

Even the simplest woodworking project requires having the right equipment. For example, choosing a suitable rip fence helps to reduce material movement. However, your primary consideration is to pick suitable woodworking table saws.

The table saw is important for professionals and DIY enthusiasts. It’s a versatile power tool suitable for various wood types. Thanks to the ease of use and accuracy, it can prove as a crucial asset in your workshop.

Our guide offers everything you should know about how to pick the best table saw for woodworking.

Section 1: Woodworking Table Saws–What Are the Benefits of Using a Table Saw?

Check out the main reasons why you need a table saw:

  • Versatility – these units are capable of working with different materials. Woodworkers will appreciate their suitability for both soft and hardwood.
  • Easy to use – even if you are a DIY newbie, you’ll quickly learn how to operate a table saw.
  • Accuracy – the level of smooth and accurate cuts to achieve with this tool is impressive.
  • Speed – table saws can handle great rates up to 5,000RPMs, which is convenient for big projects where you have a lot of work.

Always remember that it’s crucial to pick the right components to ensure maximum performance. Therefore, you’ll also need to choose the right table saw blade for your project.

Section 2: Woodworking Table Saws–Major Table Saw Types

A table saw cutting wood

Caption: A table saw cutting wood

When choosing the type of table saw you require, it’s vital to consider how you plan to use it. Here is an overview of the most common categories available in the market. 

2.1. Portable and Jobsite Table Saws

A portable table saw is suitable to use at job sites. Therefore, it’s perfect for professionals who often move from one location to another. It is light to ensure more straightforward transport and usually has foldable legs for the same reason. While it is versatile, it might not be the best choice for challenging projects and rough applications.

2.2. Contractor Saws

If you need a durable and heavy-duty table saw out there, you won’t go wrong with contractor units. These saws are extremely stable and offer a generous table to work on your projects. However, they are also heavier than portable units, which makes them hard to move. So, they are perfect for people who plan on acquiring a tool to keep in a single location.

2.3. Cabinet Saws

A cabinet saw is a variation of a contractor saw with one important difference. It has a motor placed inside the closed cabinet, usually below the table used as a working surface. Therefore, you might even have some storage room next to the motor. These devices are durable and long-lasting and capable of handling demanding projects.

2.4. Benchtop Table Saws

As the word suggests, these table saws come with a benchtop. It acts as a working surface, and it can be portable or stationary. If we are talking about mobile units, they should be light to ensure they are easy to move around. However, it’s also important that the benchtop size suits your needs. 

Section 3: Woodworking Table Saws–Factors to Consider When Purchasing a Table Saw

As you can see, not every woodworking table saw is the same. Therefore, it’s critical to select the one that meets your expectations. Apart from basic characteristics, such as motor and table, here is what to consider during the selection process.

3.1. Fence

A closeup of a table saw blade and fence

Caption: A closeup of a table saw blade and fence

You want to look for an adjustable fence that’s easy to operate. Once you find the desired setting, the fence must maintain it to ensure optimal accuracy. Therefore, a reliable fence plays a crucial role in woodworking. The T-style fence is the most common because it’s solid and most comfortable to use, but it all depends on your requirements.

If you don’t have a rip fence, you can check out this video to learn how to create your own. However, please note that the ones coming with the tools are usually more reliable. 

3.2. Tilt

It’s up to you to pick whether you need the tilt mechanism on your tool. A professional table saw usually has a left-tilt option because the fence is on the right. However, if you are left-handed, it might be easier to go with a right-tile mechanism. The bevel adjustment is usually from 0-45 degrees.

3.3. Dust Collection

If you ever worked with table saws, you know they create dust. Therefore, your tool should have a function to collect dust to ensure smooth operation. Apart from better results, it will preserve the motor and the tool. Those who plan to work in their garage or another indoor space should have a dust collection system. It’s why most cabinet saws come with these units.

3.4. Miter Gauge

A miter gauge serves to adjust angles for cutting. Therefore, it increases the tool’s versatility and value for money. You can pick between T-shaped and rectangular slots. It’s vital that the mechanism works well and remains in position. Miter gauges depend on whether you require them, but they can be a significant addition to a table saw.

3.5. Safety Features

A man with safety equipment operating a table saw

Caption: A man with safety equipment operating a table saw

Any table saw buying guide would tell you that safety is crucial when using power tools. Here are the critical things to consider when selecting a table saw.

3.5.1. Large Paddle-Style Switch

These buttons allow you to deactivate the saw with your knee or leg. Therefore, they are a convenient way to keep your hands on the material while turning off the unit. The feature becomes vital if something goes wrong and you need to deactivate the tool immediately.

3.5.2. Riving Knife

If you check out the blade, you’ll notice the riving knife behind it. Its task is to ensure the components of the application you are cutting remain separated. Therefore, it prevents kickbacks and other mishaps. Thanks to that, it increases the overall safety when working with the tool.

3.5.3. Anti-Kickback Pawls

These paws are an addition to riving knives and serve to prevent kickbacks. They are nothing but metal pieces loaded with a spring. The pawls have teeth that go in the tabletop’s direction. Therefore, they grab the wood and keep it in position to reduce the risk of kickbacks.

3.5.4. Blade Guards

Blade guards are vital to protect the blade from harming anyone close to the tool. They don’t participate in actual operation, but you guard the blade after completing the work. Therefore, even if your body touches the blade, it won’t scratch or cut you. 

3.5.5. Blade Brake

Blades brakes feature an advanced system that deactivates the blade if someone gets in touch with it. Some manufacturers implement this function as a vital safety option, but it increases the device’s cost. Another problem is that the brakes will stop the blade, but you’ll have to replace it because later. The working process involves damaging the blade, but that extra expense could be worth the additional safety.

3.6. Cut Dados or Rabbets?

You could describe a rabbet as a recess at the workpiece’s end in a rectangle shape. On the other hand, a dado is a cut you make in an application to place another component in that workpiece. The choice is a matter of preference, and these options are often present in furniture and cabinet making. Those picking a dado blade will require strength from their saw, which is why portable tools might not be an option.

34.7. Other Specific Applications

Here are some extra options to take into account when choosing a table saw:

  • Extension wings – can you insert wings on the tool’s sides? If these don’t come with the product, you can even make your extension wings.
  • Fence rails – if you need to perform a longer cut, these could be convenient. 
  • Portable base – a base with wheels could allow you to move a heavy tool around the workshop.

Section 4: Woodworking Table Saws–How to Choose the Best Table Saw

A contractor using a table saw

Caption: A contractor using a table saw

It’s time to learn how you can pick the best table saw out there. While it should meet your budget, it must offer plenty of bang for the buck. These functions will help to increase the tool’s value for money.

4.1. Rip Capacity

Woodworking often involves ripping, which means you are cutting in the grain’s direction. You can measure the rip capacity by checking how distant the fence is from the blade. That’s the maximum rip capacity. However, please note the bigger the rip width potential, the higher the tool’s price.

4.2. Beveling

The beveling option allows angling the blade quickly. So, that positioning can be to different angles. However, the usual options are 0-45-90 degrees, and it’s up to you to choose. Most tools will adjust the maximum cutting depth based on the angle selected.

4.3. Cut depth

The cutting depth will depend on the blade’s size. For example, if you have a ten-inch blade, you probably won’t get a more significant depth than three inches. However, if you choose a 12-inch tool, the depth increases to four inches. It depends on your requirements, but make sure to analyze the cutting potential when choosing the device.

4.4. Table Size

The actual table is your operating space when working with the saw. In portable units, these surfaces don’t excel 19×22 inches to maintain compact size and portability. The stationary units could have a 22×24-inch table. However, it’s possible to add extensions to increase that surface up to 60 inches in width or more.

Summary

That rounds up everything you should know on the Woodworking Table Saws. It’s vital to underline you shouldn’t rush your decision when choosing the tool. If you need assistance in picking the right equipment, don’t hesitate to contact NCCuttingtools. The company has experts to help you during the selection process, and they also design top-quality tools that will exceed your expectations!

Circular Saw Blade Sharpening – 5 Things You Need To Consider For Sharpening The Blade

Circular Saw Blade Sharpening

Circular saw blades are essential components in a wide range of industries. Nevertheless, many woodworkers and operators still experience issues when they try to sharpen their saw blades. You would likely find woodworkers who don’t know the tools they need or how to use them. 

This article presents five things you must consider for sharpening your circular saw blades. As you go through this article, you will learn how to keep the circular saw blades sharp and make them always operate at peak efficiency. Let’s get right into it!

circular saw blade

circular saw blade

Section 2: Are the circular saw blades worth sharpening? 

It is common to ask if circular blades are worth sharpening. The short and simple answer is yes!  It is because any rusty or dull circular saw blade would wear out easily and not cut effectively. It is recommended never to use a blade after it gets charred or blunt. 

operator sharpening saw blade

operator sharpening saw blade

2.1 Should we replace or sharpen the circular saw blade?

Sharpening a dull circular saw blade involves the removal of a greater portion of the cutting material. But sometimes, it is better to replace blades instead of sharpening them. 

Remember changing blades has to do with whether the blades are too weak or old for sharpening. Weak blades usually crack in the cutting process. Hence, it is better to purchase new blades if the old one is weak. However, for blunt blades that are recent, you must sharpen them.

2.2 Are the circular saw blades worth sharpening?

Rusty circular saw blades give a rough finish. For a better and smoother finish, you must sharpen and clean the blades. Furthermore, rusty circular saw blades offer more energy on cuttings. With a sharpened circular saw blade, there would be less work done in cutting. The blades will have to replace less often. 

It is no news that there are different kinds of saws that use a different kind of circular saw blades. They include circular miter saw blades, radial arm saw blades, table saw blades, panel saw blades, and cold saw blades. All of them are worth sharpening when blunt.

An operator is using a blunt circular saw blade to <a class=cut wood.” class=”wp-image-5477″/>

An operator is using a blunt circular saw blade to cut wood.

Section 3: When does the saw blade need sharpening?

Firstly, once you observe changing noise levels, you can tell that the tool is working too hard. Hence, this is telling you that you need to sharpen the blade.

Secondly, the rough surface of the material is a good sign that needs attention. It is important to carefully inspect your blade to ensure you are having the best finishing to your material.

When a circular saw blade gets rusty, it is better to clean and sharpen the saw to remove the surface’s iron rust. Therefore, a blade is due for sharpening when it becomes rusty and dull. In other words, if you notice an increase in the amount of input energy for cutting, then the blades are due for sharpening.  

Section 4: What do we consider before sharpening?

Before starting to sharpen a circular saw blade, there are some main things to consider. You need advanced sharpening experience when it comes to circular saw blades so that you can achieve the best results.

To avoid damaging the saw, you must use the circular saw blade sharpener and do it correctly. You must seek advice from experts about how to sharpen circular saw blades to produce the best results.

Equipping yourself with tips for circular saw sharpening takes a lot of practice to make it flawless. You should ask for professionals who have reliable sharpening facilities if you would like to learn how to sharpen circular saw blades with a grinder.

Also, when it comes to the blade’s quality, do not compromise. Try as much as possible to spend your money on a quality saw blade.

You will discover that weaker blades come at a lower price in most situations, but they do not retain a sharp edge and are not worth sharpening. It means you need to replace the blade regularly.

Section 5: How to sharpen the circular saw blade in the best way?

There are important steps you need to take when sharpening the saw blade. Hence, you must follow these steps.

5.1 Remove

For sharpening purposes, you need to remove the circular saw blade from the saw. It is an easy process. There is a blade release switch in most of the saws that makes the task easier and faster. Other older versions need you to lose the bolts by using a wrench.

5.2 Secure

You can secure the saw blade by using a vice grip. Also, ensure that the vice grip is facing an upward direction. 

5.3 Make marks

Next, make a marking with chalk at the topmost point of the blade. It will help you to know when you have completed the sharpening of the blade. 

5.4 Consider the bevels

Apply strokes to the bevels of the blades. 

5.5 Turn the blade

Go on turning the blade and go all around the saw blade while sharpening all points. You will understand when the entire process of sharpening it is over, as you will return to the chalk mark. Repeat the same thing on the other blade side. Be sure to also start with the topmost points with the beveled edge.

5.6 File the tips

Finally, complete filing tips of the beveled tooth. Then, place the file between the top two teeth with the files flat side against the points’ leading edge. Run the file backward and forwards just a single time across the front edge from the blade point’s tip. Repeat this procedure for all tips, and you will easily sharpen the blade in no time.

5.7 Install 

Installing the blade back on the saw is an easy step. Completed by unlocking vice. Your blade is sharp and ready for work.

You can watch this video to learn more.

Section 6: How to clean the Circular Saw Blade Sharpening?

The first step you need to take is to remove any surface or loose debris from the saw blade. To do this, use compressed air to blow off the debris. Next, thoroughly wipe-down the tool with a clean and dry rag to eliminate any remaining debris. It would also be best if you used a pad to clean the saw’s metal surface.  

Summary 

This article has provided useful information that you need on Circular Saw Blade Sharpening. Hence, as you look for tools to sharpen your blades, you must work with a trusted manufacturer. NCCuttingtools can provide various cutting tools, sharpening tools, and customized services to suit your needs. Do well to contact us should in case you have any problem with your tools.

Reciprocating saw uses – 6 things you need to know how to cut straight better with a reciprocating saw

Set of reciprocating saw blades.

When it comes to cutting a perfectly straight line, a reciprocating saw can never go wrong. Sometimes, it is known as a receptacle saw, and it is more like a hand saw but with a motor. Although its precision in cutting straight is second to none, you may face some challenges while operating. 

Hence, before exploring the reciprocating saw uses, you need to digest some essential tips. Also, you must understand how to handle the reciprocating saw to maximize its ability.

Thus, this article presents six crucial tips to enable you to learn the reciprocating saw uses and so much more.

Set of reciprocating saw blades.

Figure 1: Set of reciprocating saw blades.

Section 1: What is a reciprocating saw? 

A reciprocating saw is a power tool used for precisely cutting straight on a workpiece. Whether the workpiece is vertical or horizontal, a reciprocating saw will do justice to the cutting. Just as the name implies, it performs its function by its saw blade’s reciprocatory motion. 

Some of the reciprocating saw benefits are that it is lightweight and exact in straight cuts. Therefore, DIY enthusiasts and professionals consider it a perfect choice since it is handy and mobile. 

A corded reciprocating saw

Figure 2: A corded reciprocating saw.

There are six types of reciprocating saws as follows:

  • Corded Reciprocating saw
  • Cordless Reciprocating saw
  • Pneumatic Reciprocating saw
  •  Mini Reciprocating saw
  • Compact Reciprocating saw
  • Plumbing and HVAC Reciprocating saw
An 18V cordless reciprocating saw

Figure 3: An 18V cordless reciprocating saw.

Section 2: What tools are necessary tools to cut straight with a reciprocating saw?

The reciprocating saw uses other tools to perform optimally. These tools contribute to the outstanding quality of the reciprocating saw in a straight cut, and they are as follows:

  • Blade: This is the most critical tool in a saw; it is its sharp edges that performs the cut mainly. Generally, they differ from one another based on the material composition and the TPI (tooth per inch). While some blades are for cutting wood, others are for metals as well as other materials. 
  • Blade Clamp: This feature makes your saw deliver cuts from different angles. This tool allows for switching the blade between four different positions to aid visibility. Therefore, it gives room for better accuracy and precision in cutting.
  • Variable Speed Trigger: Of all that could go wrong during reciprocating saw uses, over speeding ranks top. Excessive speed would ruin not only the workpiece but also the blade itself. Breaking of the blade could cause serious injuries, especially when you do not wear the proper safety gears. Thus, a speed regulator helps set the appropriate speed that fits different workpieces. 
  • Adjustable Pivot: This tool also contributes its quota to the success of a straight cut. It gives room for detecting uneven surfaces when cutting and allows the blade to adjust as needed. 
  • Illuminate LED Lights: This is a feature that aids cutting and makes reciprocating saw uses excellent. When working in dark areas, it can lighten up the region of cut to allow you to see clearly. More so, this will eliminate the need for carrying a torchlight.
  • Anti-Vibrant Handles: This feature minimizes the vibration that gets to the arm during cutting. Also, it prevents slippage of the handle when wet/sticky.

Section 3: How to cut straight with the reciprocating saw?

Always bear in mind that cutting could come in any form, either in a horizontal or vertical position. It implies that you must know about handling such jobs when you have them at hand. 

3.1 Horizontal

To make a straight horizontal cut with a reciprocating saw, you need to keep some rules handy:

  • Start by locking down the fence rail along the wood edge.
  • Put into account the foot measurement of the saw when mounting the fence rail on the table.
  •  One side of the fence rail must rest on the saw’s foot.
  • Use a C-clamp to hold the fence rail down to ensure a clean cut and even out vibration.
  •  Adopt a flat edge foot, which can help spread out the pressure on the fence rail.
Horizontal cutting in progress

Figure 4: Horizontal cutting in progress.

3.2 Vertical

It is similar to making a horizontal cut but with a slight difference. In this case, instead of a C-clamp to mount the fence rail, all you need is a wood screw. Also, ensure that the fence rail is thick enough to prevent the workpiece from slipping off.

Section 4: Tips on reciprocating saw uses

Make work easier and the experience refreshing and interesting. These few tips will help:

  • Always start by drawing a visible line along the intended workpiece surface.
  • For very thick materials, try to punch a hole to serve as the start point when cutting.
  • Start slowly and do not rush the process until you see a need to increase the speed.
  • Wear appropriate safety wear.
  • Practice loose trimming.
  • Firmly hold the saw with both hands when cutting but do not apply force or pressure.

Section 5: Safety tips

Safety should remain your watchword all through the process of exploring the reciprocating saw uses. In view of this, here are a few tips to help you stay safe at all times:

  1. Use of eye goggles
  2.  Use hand gloves
  3.  Do not wear a loose dress or one with oversized long sleeves.
  4. Use the correct blade for the material you are cutting.
  5.  Learn the rudiments of operating the saw before attempting to operate.
  6.  Use earplugs if it’s a heavy-duty saw.
  7. Always unplug the saw before changing blades to avoid accidents.
Concrete cutting with a cordless reciprocating saw.

Figure 5: Concrete cutting with a cordless reciprocating saw.

Section 6: How to maintain the reciprocating saw?

Maintenance is crucial to the lifespan and performance of any tool. Adequate maintenance is necessary to get the best out of the reciprocating saw. Learn how to maintain the saw below:

a. Clean off the dust from the blade after cuts.

b. Keep to standards when using the air compressor. 

c. Remove the blade after use since it is likely hot and needs cooling.

d. Do not apply too much pressure or force when cutting to avoid breakage of the blade.

e. Lubricate the saw periodically.

Section 7: Frequent Q&A

Here are some FAQs you might have and the respective answers to them. 

7.1 Which is the best blade to use for reciprocating saw?

There is no universal blade; instead, they vary based on the material of the workpiece. PVC pipes require a metal blade or toothed edges blades. At the same time, coarse blades are suitable for wood and walls. However, if you want to know more about blade variants, check out this resource.

7.2 How to lubricate the reciprocating saw?

No doubt, adequate lubrication is important to the saw and blade’s performance. But particularly for the saw, grease is fine for lubrication. Firstly, remove the saw’s shoes. Secondly, remove a supportive clamp. Thirdly, allow the plastic cellophane to drain. Finally, apply fresh grease with a grease gun. But note that there are other lubricants for reciprocating saw asides grease.

7.3 How to make a flush cut with a reciprocating saw?

Nowadays, reciprocating saw uses a stretchable flush cutting technology. This technology helps to ensure a proper flush cut. The flush cut blade has a counterbalance, which gives room for the blade to be in a parallel direction. 

Summary

Finally, we have done our best to highlight not only reciprocating saw uses but also some useful tips for efficiency. In addition, we have enumerated simple and easy steps to take to carry out maintenance on a reciprocating saw. Ultimately, once you follow the tips shared above you are one step further to becoming a professional reciprocating saw user. At NCCuttingtools, our focus is on providing cutting tools and related customized services. Hence, do well to reach out to us if you need help on your projects.

Tree Branch Cutter – 7 Ways to Cut Tree Branches or Limbs That Are Too High to Reach

A professional cutting high tree branches

Have you ever trimmed tree branches by yourself? If the answer is yes, you know how difficult that task can be, especially if the branches are too high to reach. Whether you are cutting steel or wood, the preparation starts with securing the right equipment. A tree branch cutter can use a pole saw or pruner or even a bucket saw. Additionally, it’s vital to monitor every move to avoid potential falls and injuries. 

In this article, we are focusing on cutting high branches. We’ll cover everything from the best time for cutting them to multiple ways to approach the problem. Once you finish reading, it’ll be easy to tackle even the highest limbs and branches!

1. What Is the Best Time to Trim the Branches?

You can use a reciprocating saw pruning blade for cutting branches, and the tool will do a great job. Apart from using the right equipment, it’s vital to find the right time for DIY tree trimming. 

For the tree’s health, it’s best to perform the cutting during the winter. That’s because trees are dormant during that season. Therefore, it’s less risky for diseases and pests to attack it. Even if pests only attack one tree, it can quickly spread to others. So, it might be a danger for the whole backyard. If you notice sick branches, you should act as soon as possible. Cutting high tree limbs that suffered damage will prevent the disease from spreading.

From the perspective of a tree limb cutter, it helps if it’s not too cold, rainy, or windy. So, pick a winter afternoon when the weather is relatively okay for that season.

This video talks about why winter is a good time for cutting branches and provides additional tips on doing it properly.

2. How Can You Cut Branches or Limbs?

If you ever wondered how to cut tree limbs, the good news is there are multiple ways to do it. Here is the expert advice, so go ahead and pick the most suitable method.

2.1. Use a Pole Pruner

The most common way to cut off a limb is to use a pole pruner. These feature a simple method of reaching high branches, but one pruner might not fit all branches. So, start by analyzing the height of the branches to cut. The experts suggest using a tape measure or other methods to assess the height. Next, use that information to acquire a pruner of adequate length.

A pole pruner is nothing but a tall tree trimmer. Some offer a fixed height, and you can adjust others. Therefore, it’s possible to extend the pole if necessary.

2.2. Use a Pole Saw

A man uses a pole saw to cut a large tree limb

Caption: A man uses a pole saw to cut a large tree limb

A pole saw is another extendable pruning tool. It comes with a blade and an extendable pole. Therefore, it can reach up to 20 feet in height, which is impressive. On the other hand, these saws can’t handle thick branches. So, the maximum branch thickness to cut with it is up to 1-2 inches. If the branches are thicker, the experts suggest looking for a more suitable alternative.

2.3. Use a Pocket Saw with a Rope

Some call this an improvisation, but it’s a convenient way of cutting branches. Furthermore, it’s affordable when the limb is way too high, and you need to cut it. So, the idea is to get a strong rope for attaching the saw firmly. The first step is to throw it over the branch you plan to cut. Therefore, the rope should be of optimal length and not only strength.

Pull the rope to get the blade to the right height and position it properly. Now, start the cutting process until you remove the branch. Using a rope saw for trees is tricky, but it allows finishing the job without significant investments.

Check out this video to see how to saw a branch with a rope saw.

2.4. Use a Ladder with a Pruner or Pruning Saw

If you don’t like using the rope, it’s also possible to get a ladder. The crucial thing is that it is stable and can reach the required height. So, if the branch is 20 feet tall, you’ll need a tall ladder. 

The first step is placing the ladder in a stable position. Furthermore, ask someone to hold the ladder. It will minimize the risk of it falling to the ground. Be careful when leaning on the tree or other branches. Your goal is to find an optimal position for cutting. Once you identify it, activate the tool and remove the target branch.

Here is a video that could help with stable ladder positioning. 

2.5. Rent a Bucket Lift

Caption: A man cutting a tree to promote its health

A bucket lift is a professional tool with a high price tag. Therefore, it’s smart to rent it when you need to cut branches. You can acquire a trailer and other types, so make sure to pick the one that corresponds to the target limb height.

The advantage of using bucket lifts is that you can reach over 100 feet with them. On the other hand, the biggest problem is transferring the lift to the cutting location. You can use a truck to pull smaller bucket lifts. 

This video shows a man on a bucket lift while removing tree branches. 

2.6. Climb the Tree Using Ropes and Harness

Do you have sufficient physical strength to climb that tree? A tree branch cutter can utilize ropes and harnesses to climb and cut the target limb. However, not all trees are suitable for climbing. So, analyze if there are branches too close to each other or whether you could damage the tree’s structure if you climb it. Finally, make sure to analyze every move made for optimal safety carefully.

It’s vital to bring the saw to cut tree limbs with yourself. The experts advise tying it around the body but make sure it doesn’t bother you while climbing.

2.7. Use a Phone to Call a Professional

A professional arborist trimming a tree

Caption: A professional arborist trimming a tree

There are ways to trim tree branches yourself, but it’ll require putting time and effort. You could be afraid of heights, or the entire project seems too risky. Whether you lack experience or prefer someone else to do it, don’t hesitate to call a professional.

Calling an arborist means minimizing safety risk and letting an experienced pro handle the cutting. They’ll also make sure to assess other branches and recommend other moves for maintaining the tree’s health.

3. Tree Branch Cutter– What to Pay Attention to When Trimming Tree Limbs?

It’s vital to approach a tree branch cutting project with maximum caution. So, here are the safety measures to consider during the process!

3.1. Take the Right Element

The elements refer to attire and equipment that suit the current conditions. For example, you’ll require safety goggles because pine needles and tree dust might go into your eyes. Gloves will protect you from scratching your hands, while anti-slip shoes ensure stability while climbing. 

It’s vital to have the right tools, too. So, make sure to find suitable equipment. A basic pole pruner is excellent for thin branches, but some projects require a professional high limb rope chainsaw.

3.2. Inspect the Trees for Weakness or Cracks Before Climbing

Here is a critical safety tip – there are no hasty moves when climbing a tree. The experts suggest analyzing how you’ll climb before making the first step. Once you begin heading up, be careful about every step. It’s vital the branch you are leaning on can hold your weight. Otherwise, there’s a high risk of falling, and that’s not something you want happening. 

3.3. Avoid Improper Pruning Cut

The process of pruning is vital for the tree’s health and aesthetics. So, the experts recommend counting the distance of six inches to leave on the branch. On the other hand, it’s vital to remove any disease signs to avoid the entire tree getting infected. 

A tree branch cutter should avoid flush and stub cuts. The flush cut means cutting too close to the truck, and the tree will take longer to recover. A stub cut is cutting too far away and might lead to the tree decaying backward, which means you did even bigger damage.

3.4. Safety Tips

An arborist cutting a tree branch

Caption: An arborist cutting a tree branch

Here are some crucial safety tips to consider when cutting a high tree branch:

  • Consider the tool’s power source – if you use an electric saw, make sure to wear clothes that don’t conduct electricity well.
  • If there are power or cable lines in the tree, it’s best to call a professional. 
  • Always consider where the removed branch will fall and make sure you don’t hurt anyone.
  • Wear protective equipment, such as helmets, glasses, gloves, etc.

4. Tree Branch Cutter– Frequent Q&A

4.1. How to Prune a Tree That Is Close to Electrical Wires?

Professionals know how to cut a tree that’s in the vicinity of power lines. Therefore, it’s the safest option to call an arborist. Otherwise, you risk damage to the electric system, but also severe and potentially fatal injuries.

4.2. How to Remove Branches Efficiently?

If you are pruning a large tree, you might remove a large number of branches. That’s when a helping hand could assist you. So, consider asking a family member or neighbor to be around and remove the branches as they fall on the ground.

Summary

You are now ready to handle high branch removal on trees in your backyard or any other location. It’s vital to acquire the right tool and discover the proper method for your project. You can use any of the seven ways mentioned, but make sure to maintain optimal safety. 

If you have any questions or need professional cutting tools, NCCuttingtools is at your service. Make sure to check out the impressive product selection and contact the company if you need any assistance with your order!

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