Cutting Stainless steel ranks as a popular raw material in the manufacturing sector. The reason for the mass adoption of this material is its material strength, durability, and corrosion resistance. However, these same features make the stainless steel very difficult to cut.
When cutting stainless steel, you will need to have sufficient background knowledge of the type of tool you want to use to cut the steel.
This article looks to supply you with much-needed information on how to cut your stainless steel.
A worker using a saw to cut
Table of Contents
Section 1: About stainless steel
Stainless steel is a type of steel variant. So, it possesses good physical properties. Stainless steel consists principally of iron and carbon in a two-alloy system. What makes stainless steel diverse in properties is chromium and nickel, which make them corrosion-resistant.
Corrosion in steel occurs because of the iron present in its composition. It is why most manufacturers include other additives to improve their mechanical properties. After adding chromium to steel, it forms chromium oxide upon its exposure to air. This oxide then forms a defensive surface to keep air and dampness from causing rust, unlike ordinary steel.
There are several types of stainless steel, but the most prominent are as follows:
Austenitic stainless steel
Austenitic steel is the most popular and used stainless steel. The simple reason for this is because of its good corrosive properties and low heat conduction. Another reason for its adoption is its superior mechanical properties. Austenitic steel is best suitable for housewares and modern funneling and vessels, development, and building veneers.
Ferritic stainless steel
Ferritic stainless steel is another popular steel variant with comparable properties to austenitic steel but with better corrosive properties and mechanical properties. Hence, it is more suited for making clothes washers and boilers.
Martensitic stainless steel
Martensitic stainless steel is an exceptionally hard steel variant. However, it isn’t as resistant to corrosion as other grades of steel. It contains just about 10% chromium, and it has its applications in aeronautics blade manufacturing.
Duplex stainless steel is more or less a combination of austenitic and ferritic steels. Hence, they are more solid and adaptable. Duplex steels are popular in making paper and other petrochemical materials.
Advantages of stainless steel
- It is corrosion-resistant.
- It is easy to fabricate and has good malleability.
- Stainless steel is strong and durable.
- It is cost-effective for different applications.
- It is aesthetically attractive.
- Stainless steel is environmentally friendly.
- It is recyclable.
Section 2: What tools do we need to cut stainless steel
Stainless steel has numerous applications, ranging from cars to jewelry. Reshaping stainless steel for different applications is only possible when you use different metal cutting tools, namely;
The angle grinder is a portable handheld tool that is famous for abrasive cutting. However, operators find it very suitable for cutting stainless steel due to its high cutting force. Additionally, this tool can cut both thin and thick stainless-steel plates or sheets.
Another handheld tool is Dremel. Due to the design of the reinforced resin cutting wheel, it can cut stainless steel and aluminum. Hence, this property makes it possible to cut high-carbon steel.
The chop saw is very similar to other handheld tools. However, it has a pneumatic feature. As a result, this pneumatic feature gives it an automated edge over its counterparts. They are popular for thin sheet cutting, and they can cut quite fast and more accurately due to their design.
The popular circular saw has vast cutting applications, and it is also suitable for cutting stainless steel. More so, its flexibility makes it suitable for making custom patterns on stainless steel.
The Jigsaw is another power tool that cuts curves effectively on different material surfaces. However, It’s important to note that cutting steel always gives off high heat residue that can sometimes damage the steel. The Jigsaw comes in at this point to carry out longer cuts at high temperatures without risking losing your cutting tool.
The band saw is most suitable for doing cut-off works. Recent applications like cutting pipes and rail stocks are the most common you will find around. They are easy to use with their horizontal cutting application. Band saws can also cut stainless steel like the Jigsaw. However, the only difference is that it must be at a lower speed.
The plasma cutter is a technology innovation that uses a concentrated energy beam to cut through materials. Over the years, the plasma cutter has expanded in the application as far as metal cutting. The plasma cutter is best suitable for cutting thick stainless steel that other tools can’t cut through.
Section 3: How to cut stainless steel?
3.1 Preparing the workspace.
Regardless of the tool you choose, you’ll need to set up your workspace. A rigid and robust workbench will help to achieve stable cutting. In case you choose to use flammable tools, ensure to rid your combustible workspace materials.
3.2 Measuring for the cut.
Use your standard measuring tape to get an exact estimation for the region you need to cut. Use markers to mark out points you want to miss. In case you will be missing a straight line, use a ruler or try square to get an accurate cut.
3.3 Cutting the steel.
After measuring and marking out the steel, the next thing is to choose the most suitable tool to cut the steel. You can have either thin or thick steel plates or sheets, and both require different cutting tools. Thin stainless sheets are most suitable to cut with tin snips. In contrast, thicker sheets will need power shears, circular saw, or plasma cutters.
3.3.1 Cut stainless steel with a saw
The circular saw is the go-to power tool for cutting steel having a great thickness. However, while using the circular saw, you will also need to get a metal cutting blade that can cut steel. Next is to turn on your saw and let it run for some time before you begin cutting. Subsequently, carefully lower the saw blade on your steel to cut.
3.3.2 Cut stainless steel with a grinder
An angle grinder is a handheld tool you can also use to cut your stainless steel. You must also follow the same precautions and principles as you see on your manual to prevent accidents. It is also important to note that you must keep the grinder running for 5 minutes before you begin cutting.
A worker using an angle grinder
3.3.3 Cut stainless steel with a tin snip
Very similar to your workshop scissors, the thin snip is suited to cutting thin sheets. Use the tin snips slowly to create an accurate cut and to protect your hands from being cut.
3.3.4 Cut stainless steel with a power shears
A power shear is a handy tool as they allow you to determine the cut’s type and way. Its major difference from the tin snip is its motor for automated controls. Again, this is a tool that will cut not so smoothly. As such, it mostly operates at low speed to get more accurate cuts. It’s best suited to cutting thin steel sheets.
3.3.5 Cut stainless steel with a plasma cutter
A plasma cutter is a powerful tool that utilizes compressed air to make cuts on materials. It is most suitable for cutting thick stainless steel as opposed to thinner steel sheets. Therefore, to cut with your plasma cutter, connect it to your pressured cylinder and turn on the switch. You must follow with setting the current for your plasma cutter to about 25 or 20 gauge.
Next is to turn in your cutter, then move the torch along or across the stainless steel you are looking to cut. You will get the best result by moving slow and in a very stable manner.
Cutting stainless steel
3.4 Clean up the edge.
It’s normal to have rough edges after cutting your stainless steel. To that effect, you have to create extra time to give your workpiece extra finishing. Use a hand file or a deburring tool to tidy up all edges to give your work a more professional look.
Section 4: Watch out for overheating.
Using stainless steel to make another item or structure has a lot of advantages. The advantages include high strength, ductility, and toughness. One of the main advantages of stainless steel is its capacity to withstand heat and harsh thermal conditions. Nevertheless, cutting steel can heat up to points of altering the properties of the material.
Overheating may adversely affect the hardness and strength of steel. It is because overheating changes the microstructure of the steel. These adverse effects include prompting property harm as well as damage to the climate and injury.
Section 5: What precautions do we need to pay attention to?
All workplaces must be safe for cutting operations. This is because an accident can cause a serious mishap when you work with cutting tools. As a result, you need to make cutting operations safer.
Here are a few hints on the best way to make your workplace safe:
5.1 Tips on how to make your work environment safe
- Keep your workspace tidy for easy mobility.
- Light up your work area properly
- Place your power cables properly to avoid tripping over them.
- Proper ventilation
- You must remove all flammable materials from your workspace.
- Remove any jewelry, bracelet, or scarves.
5.2 Tips on how to protect yourself.
- Use goggles for Eye Protection
- Wear gloves Hand Protection
- Wear industry boots for Foot Protection.
Stainless steel is one of the most in-demand raw materials in manufacturing today. It is mostly down to its material structure and properties. However, cutting stainless steel can prove tricky if you lack the necessary knowledge about what to do. This article makes a concise step-by-step approach on how to cut the stainless steel.
Therefore, as you continue to look out for helpful tips to find power tools that can cut stainless steel better, look no further. NCCuttingtools has got you covered.