Best Fixed Blade Knife – For Survival and Self-Defense Applications

Best Fixed Blade Knife

Whether for indoor or outdoor purposes, you can never go wrong with possessing a fixed blade knife. A typical fixed knife blade is rugged and solid to adapt to all outdoor needs, such as camping, hunting, etc. 

Therefore, you should take it upon yourself to get the best fixed blade knife in the market. And you should leave no stone unturned in your quest for the best fixed blade knife since we want you to get value for every penny spent. 

Consequently, this article outlines all you need to know when deciding on the best-fixed blade knife to purchase.

1. Factors to Consider Before Purchasing Best Fixed Blade Knife 

Uses

  • Camping: Particularly, a solid and durable knife is the best fixed blade knife for camping. Also, you can as well use it for precise wood carving and cutting. 
  • Hunting: Basically, if you intend to hunt, you should ideally carry a 5″ to 7″ blade that is stiff and strong. 
  • EDC: Specifically, aim for a small and compact size blade to maintain portability. Also, they should range from 3-4.5″, which helps to balance their size and functionality.
  • Tactical/Combat: Firstly, you may require one that gives a good grip and is well balanced. Also, it should have several sheathing options. Equally important, look out for blades with dark colors and compact designs.

Common Types of Blade

  • 12C27: To begin with, blades made from this steel are usually solid and corrosion-resistant; hence, it keeps sharpness around the edge.
  • 1095 Cro-Van Steel: Firstly, this steel is a combination of chromium, nickel, vanadium, and molybdenum; thus, improving blade strength and corrosion resistance.
  • 420HC Steel: Specifically, it consists of high carbon, making the blade hard; however, it is soft compared to other steels and cost-effective.
  • 1095 HC Steel: Although, the blades have a moderate toughness and durability; but, it’s not resistant to corrosion if not kept properly and oiled.
  • AUS-8: In particular, you can find this type of steel in budget-friendly knives which have excellent edge retention.
  • VG-1: Indeed, this is Japanese-made non-powder steel having high corrosion resistance.

1.4116: Specifically, this type of steel is most common in the classic Swiss Army knife.

Durability & Corrosion Resistance:

The blade should withstand rigid surfaces and corrosion. Also, it should remain intact after hitting a rock or hard surface. Besides, it should not be prone to wear at every point of application with any impact or corrosion with an acidic material.

Blade Length:

To begin with, knowing the intended use of your best fixed blade knife will help you select the blade length. For instance, some functions like EDC don’t require long blades, whereas hunting does.

Handle Type and Grip:

Firstly, handles come in different materials, namely, metal, rubber, wood, etc. Hence, your personal preference should guide your decision and choice. Furthermore, the best fixed blade knife handles have the following:

  • Textured grips with notching.
  • Finger placement for ease of use.
  • Must have mobility and firm grip.

Sheathing Options: 

  • Leather: It is durable, reliable, and thus gives a timeless classical appeal. Also, it provides a perfect space for the blade steel.
  • Poly/ Synthetic: Particularly, sheaths made from this polymer are also durable. In addition, it offers a lightweight carriage for the blade.

Hard /Carbon/ Shell: Without a doubt, it allows for quick withdrawal without friction. Besides, it can position in various ways.

2. 10 Best Fixed Blade Knife

1. Reazio fixed knife blade

Reazio fixed knife blade

Main Features:

  • Length: 3.375.”
  • Handle Material: Carbon fiber scales, a titanium screw
  • Blade Material: CPM-20CV
  • EDC Grade: 4.3/5

Recommended reasons: 

  • To start with, PM-20CV has high-performance toughness and edge retention.
  • More so, it comes with contoured carbon fiber handle scales that provide a secure, ergonomic grip.
  • Item includes a Kydex sheath for convenient belt carry.

After-sales Service:

  • Return policy.
  • Technical support
  • Resolution of wrong order
  • Customer support

Price: $266.

2. Ka-Bar Bowie USMC Fixed Blade Knife 

Ka-Bar Bowie USMC Fixed Blade Knife

Main Features:

  • Length: 7.0.”
  • Handle Material: Leather
  • Blade Material: 1095 Cro-Van
  • EDC Grade: 3/5

Recommended reasons: 

  • It has a clip point blade style, flat grind, long length, and a plain edge.
  • Equally, its leather handle provides an ergonomic grip for combat; thus, it comes with a leather sheath.
  • Also, the long length of the blade makes it suitable for action and tactical applications.

After-sales Service:

  • Return policy.
  • Technical support.
  • Resolution of wrong order.
  • Customer support.

Price: $79.95.

3. Morakniv Companion Fixed Blade Knife 

 Morakniv Companion Fixed Blade Knife

Main Features:

  • Length: 3.8.”
  • Handle Material: Rubberized material
  • Blade Material: Stainless steel
  •  EDC Grade: 3.5/5

Recommended reasons: 

  • With a stainless-steel blade, thus the edges stay sharp longer than carbon steel blades.
  • In addition, you can use it to cut wood for campfires, cut fuel, carvings, and food prep.
  • Also, it’s an all-in-one best-fixed blade knife for outdoors lovers.

After-sales Service:

  • Return policy.
  • Customer support.
  • Technical support.

Price: $19

4. Hoback Knives Kwaiback 

Hoback Knives Kwaiback

Main Features:

  • Length: 5.”
  • Handle Material: Leather/Rubber material
  • Blade Material: premium-grade steel (S35SVN)
  • EDC Grade: 3.5/5

Recommended reasons: 

  • Firstly, its material is very durable steel. Furthermore, It’s strong and chip resistant that’s also capable of being ultra-sharp.
  • It can retain its sharpness around the edge for a more extended period without getting blunt or dull.
  • It has a tanto tip hence that can pierce through almost anything due to its strength.

After-sales Service:

  • Return policy.
  • Customer support.
  • Technical support

Price: $24.99

5. Schrade SCHF14 Drop-Point Fixed Blade Knife 

Best Fixed Blade Knife

Main Features:

  • Length: 3.4.”
  • Handle Material: Black G-10 handle
  • Blade Material: 8Cr13MoV Stonewashed High Carbon Stainless Steel
  • EDC Grade: 4.5/5

Recommended reasons: 

  • Very durable steel, the handle gives a good grip, and its small length makes it portable, thus allowing for discretion.
  • Can retain sharpness along the cutting edge for a more extended period without rusting.
  • Also, it is the best-fixed blade knife for outdoor survival, tactical, and EDC.

After-sales Service:

  • Return policy.
  • Customer support.
  • Technical support.

Price: $23.47

6. CRKT 2387 MINIMALIST

Best Fixed Blade Knife

Main Features:

  • Length: 5.13’’
  • Handle Material: Polished resin reinforced with fiber
  • Blade Material: 5Cr15MoV Stainless steel
  • EDC Grade: 3/5

Recommended reasons: 

  • It retains its edge sharpness like no other.
  • Also, it has a 3-finger groove for a firm grip like none other. 
  • Furthermore, best-fixed blade knife for outdoor survival use; therefore, you won’t have trouble having this with you.

After-sales Service:

  • Return policy.
  • Customer Support.
  • Technical support.

Price: $42.07

7. Ontario 499 Air Force Survival Knife 

Best Fixed Blade Knife

Main Features:

  • Length: 5″
  • Handle Material: Leather-wrapped 
  • Blade Material: 1095 Carbon steel
  • EDC Grade: 3.5/5

Recommended reasons: 

  • Firstly, it is easy to grip. Moreover, the handle design and material makes it easy to hold.
  • Also, it is coated with zinc phosphate to retain its sharpness and prevent rust.  
  • Furthermore, the US army uses it as truly the best-fixed blade knife for camping and hunting in the wild.

After-sales Service:

  • Return policy.
  • Customer support.
  • Technical support.

Price: $55.95

8. Buck Knives 0119 Special Fixed Blade Knife 

Buck Knives 0119 Special Fixed Blade Knife

Main Features:

  • Length: 6.”
  • Handle Material: Phenolic and Aluminum pommel
  • Blade Material: Material 1095 High Carbon Steel 
  • EDC Grade: 3/5

Recommended reasons:

  • The long handle design also helps distribute weight across the knife’s length, making it easy to use. 
  •  Additionally, it has a wide variety of applications.
  • Also, it can maintain the sharpness around the edges—long-term use without getting blunt.
  • Specifically, it is suited for combat and tactical applications because of the long length.

After-sales Service:

  • Return policy.
  • Customer support.
  • Technical support.

Price: $57.99

9. Bradford Guardian 3

Bradford Guardian 3

Main Features:

  • Length: 3.5.”
  • Handle Material: G-10 (CF or G-Wood) Handle
  • Blade Material: N690 Stainless Steel
  • EDC Grade: 4/5

Recommended reasons: 

  • Undoubtedly, the steel blade is very durable and wear-resistant.
  • Again, the handle material also makes the handling nice for grip. Consequently, it is good for intelligent use.
  • Besides, the blade is short; and thus, making it a good use for EDC.
  • On the other hand, it is a functional knife that gets the job done.

After-sales Service:

  • Return policy.
  • Customer support.
  • Technical support.

Price: $119.95

10. Blackhawk Nightedge fixed knife blade

Blackhawk Nightedge

Main Features:

  • Length: 15.25”
  • Handle Material: Zittel HRC
  • Blade Material: 1095 Cro-Van Carbon steel 
  • EDC Grade: 4/5

Recommended reasons: 

  • It specifically designs for combat purposes.
  • Also, it can serve adequately in tactical applications.
  • Further, it has lightweight; and a clip point hence easy to carry.

After-sales Service:

  • Return policy.
  • Customer Support.
  • Technical support.

Price: $118.75

3. Fixed Blade Knives FAQs

What Type of Sheath Material is Best?

Generally, material selection can be by your personal preference as long as it complies with safety requirements.

What is the Difference Between a Folding Knife and a Fixed Blade Knife?

Generally, folding knives are portable, and you can keep them safe and hidden, but not fixed blade knives. However, you can use a fixed knife for precision work, while you cannot use a folding knife due to movable joints.

Summary

In summary, we have done justice in analyzing the various applications of a fixed blade knife. Also, you have learned more information about various blade materials, their uses, cost implications, and durability.

On the whole, we have delighted you with some ten best-fixed blade knives with vital information about them. To conclude, your needs will go a long way in selecting and purchasing a suitable product. Therefore, stay with us to provide you with more details of blades to increase your knowledge wealth.

Cutting PVC Pipe – 3 Best Ways To Cut PVC Pipe

Cutting PVC pipe Is among the most important components used in a diverse range of industries. It offers excellent strength, chemical resistance, and other important advantages. Plumbers, engineers, and technicians rely on it to carry out several tasks. However, people encounter many challenges when manufacturing or cutting PVC pipes. A small mistake can lead to the breakage of pipes, which causes leakages and other issues.

This article covers everything you need to know about cutting PVC pipes. It will present essential tips you need to follow when cutting these kinds of pipes.

PVC pipes

PVC pipes

Section 1: What is the PVC pipe?

PVC piping system

PVC piping system

PVC is an acronym for Polyvinyl Chloride, a kind of plastic widely used to produce fittings and pipes. It is a plastic that is eco-friendly and contains 57% chlorine. Hence, this implies that it requires comparatively less crude oil to produce it.

PVC pipes are easier to work with compared to metals. Additionally, they are corrosion-resistant and can handle a wide range of chemicals.

PVC pipes in the store

PVC pipes in the store

Section 2: PVC cutting tool

PVC cutting tool is a tool that is cutting and sanding, trimming PVC pipes. These cutting tools are usually blades made of different materials and can withstand the rigidity of PVC pipes. Hence, here is a list of the most common PVC cutting tools.

2.1 PVC cutters

PVC cutters are devices that allow you to cut PVC pipes with little to no effort. Although these pipes are costlier than traditional scissors pipe cutters, they can work on larger PVC pipe pieces.

2.2 Hacksaw

Hacksaws are the most common tools used for cutting PVC pipes, as most individuals have either one in their toolbox or garage. It features sharp ridges that cut through PVC material easily. Additionally, they are affordable and have an extended service life.

2.3 Miter saw

Miter saws are also an essential tool for cutting PVC pipes. Although they are more expensive than hacksaws, they offer a better surface finish and are easy to use. As a rule, ensure you read instructions included in miter saw packaging before embarking on PVC cutting projects.

Section 3: Choose the Cutting Method for Your Pipe

Choosing cutting methods for your PVC pipe is up to you. Much of it depends on your budget and your needs. The nature of your project will also determine the method of cutting required. 

If you require precise cuts and smooth finishing, then miter saws can help you immensely. However, if you’re looking for an affordable way to cut PVC pipes, you can rely on hacksaws for your projects.

Let’s take a look at the steps you need to take to cut your PVC pipes.

Section 4: How to cut PVC pipe? 

Cutting PVC pipes

Cutting PVC pipes

4.1 Using hacksaw to cut PVC pipe.

  1. Measure PVC pipe using a measuring tape. This is the most important step as it ensures that you’re cutting your pipe to suit your specific need or application.
  2. Clamp the PVC pipe of interest to the cutting table.
  3. Tighten the pipe to avoid vibrations during cutting.
  4. Create a notch in the PVC Pipe of interest.
  5. Cut the PVC pipe back and forth using the hacksaw.
  6. To avoid ‘blowout’ of the pipe’s edge, slow the cutting speed on reaching the PVC pipe’s baseline. 

4.2 Using Scissor or Ratchet-Type Cutters to cut PVC pipe.

  • Measure PVC pipe using a measuring tape.
  • Insert the PVC pipe of interest into the pipe Cutter.
  • Rotate PVC Pipe in Cutter while applying pressure to the cutter’s handle until it cuts.

4.3 Using Miter saw to cut PVC pipe.

  1. Measure PVC pipe using a measuring tape. 
  2. Line up miter saw to the mark to be cut on the PVC pipe.  
  3. Line up PVC pipe on throat plate using a clamp.
  4. Bring the miter saw down through the entire pipe. After the cut, release the switch trigger and allow it to stop spinning before removing the pipe or raising the miter saw blade.

Section 5: How to clean up the post-cutting pipe?

To clean up the end of the cut PVC pipe, you can use any of these methods.

  1. Buy a deburring tool. This has a tapered cone anteriorly that spins in an oscillatory motion inside the pipe’s end to remove any burrs.
  2. Use a sharp construction knife. You can use a pocket knife to run the inside edge of the pipe to remove burrs.
  3. Use heavy-grade sandpaper. Sandpapers are also an essential tool for cleaning the burrs or rough edges of the pipes. Additionally, this will assist in loosening burrs and causing them to fall away.

Section 6:  Tips for PVC cutting

  1. Do not use tools made for wood to cut PVC pipes. This can cause rough surfaces as well as poor finishes.
  2. For power tools, always use a tool where the PVC is properly clamped to avoid accidents.
  3. Make sure to use the right tool for the job.  

For more information about how to cut PVC pipes, watch this video.

Summary: 

Although this article has presented useful information about cutting PVC pipes, you must work with trusted cutting tools manufacturers. NCCuttingtools is a leading cutting tool manufacturer. We can provide various cutting tools as well as customized services. Please do not hesitate to contact us to get your project started.

Hammer Drill VS Impact Drill – 4 Facts You Should Know for Choosing the Right Drill for Your Project

An operator holding a hammer drill

About Hammer Drill VS impact Drill,

Working on DIY projects often involves driving screws and drilling holes. Whether you pick a suitable saw blade or another tool, it’s critical to have the right gear for the job. 

A hammer drill and impact drill might have similar appearances, but their performance varies. It’s important to use each tool, such as diamond drill bits, properly, but you’ll need to find a suitable device first.

In this article, we are focusing on the difference between a hammer drill and an impact drill. So, here is what you need to know when choosing a suitable tool for the next project!

1. What Is a Hammer Drill?

Working indoors with a hammer drill

Caption: Working indoors with a hammer drill

A hammer drill is a powerful tool that allows drilling holes through different materials. Therefore, it’s suitable for granite, marble, brick, concrete, and other materials. 

It’s a handheld tool, which means you hold it in your hands while operating it. Each device comes with a drill bit that you push back and forth into the material. 

Apart from the standard hammer drill driver, you can also use rotary hammers, which are more powerful. So, if you are working with rough materials, a rotary hammer could be a better choice.

Pros

  • It’s capable of drilling holes through various materials.
  • Some drills come with regular and rotary hammers.
  • These tools offer excellent versatility.
  • It’s capable of driving bolts and screws.
  • The product offers a high torque.

Cons

  • It comes with a small learning curve, especially because it’s heavier.
  • The price tag can be higher than for impact drills.
  • You might lose the chuck key.
  • Apart from drilling, it doesn’t handle other tasks well.

2. What Is the Impact Driver/Drill?

A cordless impact driver

Caption: A cordless impact driver

It’s crucial to distinguish whether you are using an impact driver or drill. An impact driver serves for driving screws, fasteners, and bolts into holes. It features high rotation, so it can generate plenty of torque when needed. Apart from driving, these tools are also suitable for removing screws and bolts. Therefore, they are handy for removing rusty units when necessary. Check out this video to see how to remove a fastener with an impact driver.  

An impact drill, however, performs the same action as its hammer counterpart. Therefore, it can drill holes through various materials. Depending on the device, some units only have the driving function, while others can also do the drilling.

Pros

  • It can drive screws and bolts but also remove them.
  • The tool offers high torque when it’s necessary.
  • Easy to operate, even if you are a newbie.
  • Some units are suitable to perform the drilling action.
  • They don’t have a chuck key, which means you can’t lose it.

Cons

  • It doesn’t always have the same precision as hammer drills.
  • The longevity depends on the unit.
  • The versatility doesn’t match the hammer drills.
  • It doesn’t perform well in other tasks apart from driving screws.

3. What Is the Difference Between the Hammer Drill and an Impact Drill/Driver?

We use a table to summarize the difference between Hammer Drill and Impact Driver.

ProductUsesDesignDriving ForceMechanismRotations per minute (Speed)TorqueChuck
Hammer DrillDrilling holes through various materialsLong nose and handlesElectro-pneumaticHammer action2K-3K Changeable3-jaw chuck
Impact DriverFastening and loosening screwsReminds of a screwdriverElectricRotation action2K – 3.5KNo controlHexagonal socket

The next section in our hammer drill vs. impact drill guide focuses on the tools’ actual differences. So, let’s look at how they perform in various areas. That’ll tell us how to pick the perfect device for your upcoming project.

3.1. Uses

If you look at their uses, you’ll understand the crucial difference between these tools. So, hammer drill uses primarily covers drilling into different materials. Therefore, you can use them for anything from wood to tougher materials like bricks and stones. You might find this video useful for drilling holes in thick metal.

On the other hand, an impact driver primarily serves for driving screws in various materials. Therefore, you can use it for driving and loosening bolts, nuts, and screws of different sizes.

3.2. Design

Newbies might find the design of a hammer drill driver and impact driving units similar. So, the critical difference is the three-jaw chuck present in hammer drills. To clarify, It serves to hold the bits, which makes it a convenient addition. The standard hammer units remind of a power drill, while rotary tools are larger and heavier.

On the other hand, impact drills have a shorter head. Additionally, they are noticeably stubby around the barrel and feature hexagonal sockets for inserting the bits.

3.3. How Do They Work?

In short, the standard hammer drill operates by offering repeating blows in the desired direction. Therefore, the force moves along the tool’s length or its vertical axis. Thanks to that, it can drill the hole in different materials. The suitability for various applications depends on the unit’s specifics.

If you use a hammer impact driver, the force is primarily in the rotation direction. You’ll find the power moves through the vertical axis. However, these concussive blows don’t have the same force as hammer units.

3.4. Each Accepts Different Drill Bits

You’ll find an option to insert bits into an adjustable chuck in an impact drill. So, this tool is suitable for hex-shank and standard drill bits. As for the hammer units, you can insert the same bit types. However, the difference is they should be more durable, so carbide-tipped ones are a wise choice. So, if you use only an impact driver, it requires inserting special driver bits offering a suitable impact rating.

4. Hammer Drill VS Impact Drill – Which Is the Best Drill for Your Project?

A DIY project of building a drawer

Caption: A DIY project of building a drawer

Each tool has specific advantages and drawbacks so that you can use both in the workshop. Therefore, it’s all about choosing a suitable device for your project. 

DIY enthusiasts doing masonry projects will benefit from using a hammer drill. However, professionals might find rotary hammers more suitable since they deliver additional power. So, if you plan on doing demolition work, rotary units are a smart choice.

While you can use an impact drill for concrete, it’s vital to find a high-quality unit. Meanwhile, you might discover impact drivers are convenient for at-home projects. These tools are cheap and useful. Therefore, they can make your job easier when driving and loosening screws and bolts.

Summary

Although they are similar at first, you can notice some differences between a hammer drill and impact drills. To sum up, you use hammer drill mostly for drilling holes, while impact drivers are for fastening and loosening screws. Moreover, there might be differences in design, mechanism, and the chuck used.

If you have any questions, don’t hesitate to contact NCCuttingTools. We’ve been in business for years and can help you choose the right tools and accessories for your workshop. You can order top-quality products and receive them in the shortest possible time frame, ensuring you start the desired project as soon as possible. 

Cutting Angles on a Table Saw – 3 Steps to Easily cut Angles on a Table Saw

Cutting angles on table saw

It is a known fact that angles play a significant role in woodworking. Cutting angles on a table saw will help you deliver more amazing projects to your clients. 

Nevertheless, as you advance in this field and start handling more projects, you will face shapes more complex than basic angles. Therefore, it is critical to know how to cut angles to determine your ability to handle complex designs in the future. 

Hence, this article will get you informed on efficient ways to cut angles on a table saw.  

Cutting angles on table saw

Figure 1: Cutting angles on table saw.

Section 1: What tools do you need for cutting angles?

The following are some tools you will need for cutting angles on the table saw:

  • A table saw
  • Miter gauge or Taper jig
  • Measuring instruments. e.g., tape measure or ruler
  • Drafting triangle or Framing square
  • Safety Wears (glasses, dust mask, fence clamps)
 Various instruments for cutting at angles on wood

Figure 2: Various instruments for cutting at angles on wood. 

Section 2: General Idea of Bevel Cut

Usually, angle cuts are often at 90 degrees. However, when you cut at an angle other than 90 degrees, this is a bevel. More so, the setup of the square edge comes with full dimensional lumber. It means that the angle of the bound’s edge and face is typically 90 degrees. Therefore, any angle different from the usual angle will need adjustment. It leads to the invention of bevel cuts.

Moreover, bevel cuts are very useful for decorative purposes such as interior moldings, cabinet trims, etc. Apart from the table saw, there are other instruments to make a bevel cut. Such instruments are jigsaws, routers, or circular saw; however, jigsaw typically fails to provide a precise cut. 

Close-up image of angular cut

Figure 3: Close-up image of angular cut.

Section 3: How to cut angles on table saw.

The following are the three major steps for cutting angles on the table saw:

3.1 Adjusting the wood and saw blade

Prepare the wood and saw blade:

Fetch the wood and make sure all your tools are close-by to avoid clumsiness. You will come close to the saw blade as you prepare, so you should always keep the saw turned off and unplugged.

Measure and mark out the beginning and end of the cut:

Determine the nature of the angle you intend to cut. It involves knowing the exact dimension needed for your project. Marking the target spot in pencil, measure along the wood’s sides using a measuring tape or ruler. Verify that your angle is correct before you proceed.

Outline the Cut:

 Indicate the cut’s start and end by linking the points you have marked. Double-check the sketched outline on the board before placing a ruler on the board to draw across it with a thick, dark line. Then measure the angle again.

Adjust the saw’s height:

 The recommended blade height is about 0.64 cm. With this height in mind, you can then use the adjustment crank to adjust to the height. You can make adjustments by placing a ruler on a piece of broken wood. Label the 0.64cm mark on the broken wood and position it beside the saw. Adjust the saw until it coincides with the marked point. Raising the saw’s height allows more contact between the blade’s teeth and the wood which translates into a smooth cut. However, if you are not sure of the best height to keep the saw at, use your discretion to judge. 

Saw blade at a particular height

Figure 4: Saw blade at a particular height. 

3.2 Setting the wood at an angle

Prepare a drafting triangle for crosscut: 

Clear the table before using a drafting triangle. You can create crosscuts across a board’s width or perpendicular to the grain of the wood. However, if you are trying to stay conscious of the wood’s length or edges then a taper jig is best. In a case where the drafting triangle is not available, you can use a simple framing square

Set a miter gauge for cutting angles: 

 A miter gauge is a portable holding device that enables you to cut angles on wood boards. To use this gauge, place it firmly against the edge of the drafting triangle. Pay attention to the calibration of the gauge as it is necessary to place the wood at your preferred angle.  

Open the taper jig to set an angle for the wood: 

Standard taper jigs are long pieces of wood used to brace a board’s side. It is particularly useful when making bevel cuts to keep your fingers away from the blade. Hold the jig against the side of the board opposite the cut. To make the process less complicated, use a sled-style jig instead of the triangular-shaped jigs. 

Secure a Fence: 

Take advantage of the table saw’s fence, which serves as an integral safety feature. Slide the fence around the table to brace the miter or taper jig gauge. You can also slide a piece of scrap wood into the clamp at the back of the taper jig or front of the miter gauge. 

Miter gauge on the table saw

Figure 5: Miter gauge on the table saw.

3.3 Using the Table saw

Put on safety gear: 

You must put on safety glasses while cutting angles on the table saw to protect your eyes against wood debris.

Make a couple of test cuts:

 Make samples to ensure that your saw and miter gauge is in order. Get pieces of scrap wood, cut them as you would cut the wood for your project. Make the necessary adjustments and make sure the cut is clean. 

Hold the scrap wood tightly against the fence.

Furthermore, at the edge of the table, put the fence in front of your dominant side. Set the wood in between the fence and the saw, then align the saw with the sketch for cutting. Before you start cutting, make sure the miter gauge is out of the saw’s way.

Stand behind the wood: 

Take a few moves to the side in the direction of your dominant hand. Place yourself instead of the saw blade right behind the miter gauge. Standing in this place prevents you from something called a kickback. It’s uncommon, but when you least expect it, it can happen.

Push the board and the fence: 

Place your opposite hand on the miter gauge’s handle while holding the fence and board together with your dominant hand. Then, start at a slow, constant pace to drive things forward. Go slowly to get a clean cut to avoid a kickback. Stop when the saw slices through the wood.

Pull the wood back after cutting: 

Pull all back towards you when the saw has sliced through the surface, including the fence and miter gauge. Carry it around to the table’s edge. You can easily cut the wood and disconnect it from the miter gauge after deactivating the saw.

Summary

Finally, this article has properly outlined three important steps to make cutting angles on table saw effortless. Besides, you would find a few other tips about angle cutting duly outlined. For your next cutting project supplies, do well to reach out to us at NCCuttingtools. We have an array of customized tools that will meet your needs. 

The Finger Joint Woodwork – 5 Steps to Make a Perfect-Fitting Finger Joint

The Finger Joint Woodwork

The Finger Joint Woodwork is a joinery method that aims to simplify as well as beautify joints. A finger joint’s ultimate purpose is to hold joints together by interlocking them and preventing them from coming apart.

Finger joints are famous for making furniture as well as numerous woodworks that require a neat finish and appearance. However, there exist several important steps to pay attention to when making finger joints.  

So, in this article, you will understand how to make a finger joint and other joinery methods throughout this short read.

finger wood joints

finger wood joints

Section 1: What are The Finger Joint Woodwork?

1.1 What are finger joints?

The finger joint is a joinery method in woodworking that is popular for woodworking joints in making boxes and other solid shapes. These joints help to join pieces of wood together so as to form greater length.

1.2 Types of finger joints. 

 1.2.1 Square finger joint

This joint is one of the most common out there. Nevertheless, you can design it by joining different wood stocks from one end to the other. 

 1.2.2 Stepped finger joint

This joint finger type has a relatively simple design, with its manufacturing coming from stacking multiple saw blades with different blade sizes and cutting the wood stock.

 1.2.3 Slanted cut finger joint

The diagonal cut finger joint is angular. Also, it is characterized by cutting with a predetermined blade tilt angle at a trigonometric calculation.

Section 2: The Finger Joint Woodwork– How to cut finger joints?

2.1 Which blades should you choose?

So, to begin, you must choose the most suitable blade for your project. As a rule, you should use a combo blade on your saw. However, you should avoid combo blades having Alternate Top Bevel (ATB) teeth. This is because the ATB teeth cause your joint to be flat at the top. Your best option would be the ripping blade or a blade with a flat top tooth.

2.2 What tools do you need? 

Here is a list of all the tools you will need:

  • Dovetail saw
  • Coping saw
  • Chisels and a mallet
  • Small try square
  • Bora Clamps
  • Glue
  • Armor Tool Bench
  • Table Saw
  • Dado Stack

2.3 Setting up the cut and key.

Put your miter in the space of your table saw and select a piece bit of wood for a patron. Then, holding the patron against the miter measure, make one cut with your sharp edge.

2.4 Test cuts.

Now set the height of the blade just above the thickness of the wood that will cut. Therefore, we recommend making a test joint on a piece of wood, similar to what you are doing.  It’s conceivable that the supporter may require some slight acclimations to protect that the joint is the appropriate fit. Also, you can make the changes by releasing the screws holding the sponsor to the miter check and making slight moves nearer or further away from the sharp edge. 

To begin the joint’s cuts, place your first board vertically against the patron and the edge flush to the stop and clip it set up. With your hands and fingers securely away from the cutting edge, make the main cut. Also, at that point, unclamp the board and slide the space that you slice on to the stop. Presently you can clasp the board set up and make your subsequent cut. Rehash this cycle until you arrive at the contrary edge of the board.

2.5 The Finger Joint Woodwork– Cutting the joints

As you progress to the tail end of your board, you will most likely have an incomplete cut. At this point, toss your board to face the backer. Hence, slide your first cut into the slot. Furthermore, take your second board and flush against the first board and clamp it in place to be cut by your blade. After cutting through both boards, separate the second, slide it against the stop, and then continue to cut until another edge. 

finger jointing process

finger jointing process

2.6 Assembly.

After completing your finger joint, the next action is to assemble the joints. However, it is essential to cut a tad bit higher than your board depth to ease the cutting process and cater to parallax error.

2.7 The Finger Joint Woodwork– Clamping.

For clamping box joints, counterbalancing the clamps just to within the fingers guarantees you will have the option to pull the corners tight. 

Click for a video with up-to-date information on what finger joints are as well as how to make a perfected fitted finger joint.

Section 3: Is The Finger Joint Woodwork same as the box joint?

Most people regard the box joint and finger joint as the same. However, for specialists in woodworking, they believe there are intricate characteristics that make them different. Let’s take a look at how these joints differ.

The Finger Joint Woodwork vs. Box joint

You will find finger joints common in woodworking for combining stock of larger surface areas. The Finger Joints’ fingers are usually tighter and have a spike-like shape compared to the Box Joint. The most significant advantage of this kind of finger joint is joining two straight stock bits and joining different moldings. 

finger joint

finger joint

In contrast,  box joints fill a vastly different need. A box joint is like a dovetail joint. However, a major difference is that the cuts here are not strict. Instead, they are frequently rectangular. 

box joint

box joint

Summary: 

The finger joint is suitable for a vast range of applications, and this article has covered essential steps you must follow. Additionally, it is important that you work with trusted manufacturers and suppliers of saw blades and woodworking equipment. NCCuttingtools has got you covered. We have experienced professionals as well as top-quality tools. 

Cutting Dovetail Joint – 9 Steps For Making Dovetail Joints In An Easy Way

A dovetail joint in use

The cutting dovetail joint is one of the most elegant and striking woodwork joints. You will find dovetail joinery common in the construction as well as drawer construction. Additionally, it is common for drawer fronts because it is a stable, interlocking joint.  

There exist several techniques for making dovetail joints, and it is essential that you understand these techniques. 

This article presents nine essential steps for making dovetail joints in a very simple way. So, this article will help you to deliver outstanding structures using the dovetail layout.

Section 1: What is the dovetail joint?

Construction of a dovetail joint.

Construction of a dovetail joint.

The dovetail joint makes the wood have a firm grip and is a common joinery technique in woodworking technology. Examples include woodworks, furniture, cabinets, log buildings, as well as conventional timber framing. Hence, it prevents the easy pulling apart from the woods. 

Dovetail joints consist of pointed mating tails and pins. So, using a dovetail saw, marking equipment, and chisels, it is easy to create a dovetail joint. Additionally, making dovetails by hand affords you the freedom to layout pin and tail spacing. 

A major advantage of the dovetail is that the pins and tails interlock to create a mechanical bond. This mechanical bond protects the joint so the glue doesn’t break in the future.

Section 2: Types of dovetail joints.

Dovetail joints are a common choice because of their pleasing appearance as well as their excellent strength. However, there are many various types of dovetails. Additionally, different techniques exist for cutting each type. The kinds of dovetail joinery include the following.

2.1 Through Dovetail Joint

A through dovetail joint is a special type of dovetail joint. Hence, as you assemble the joints, both boards’ final grain is apparent. Through dovetails are common in the construction of crates as well as other complex wooden shapes. 

A through dovetail joint in use

A through dovetail joint in use.

2.2 Single-lap Dovetail Joint

You can also refer to the single-lap dovetail joint as a half-blind joint. Artisans who do not want the end grain visible from the joint’s front often use a single-lap dovetail. However, on the ends of the piece, the tails fit into mortises, covering their backs. A single-lap dovetail joint is a suitable choice for fastening drawer fronts to drawer sides.

A single-lap dovetail joint is in use

A single-lap dovetail joint is in use.

2.3 Double-lap Dovetail Joint

You can refer to the double-lap dovetail joint as the full-blind dovetail joint. So, just a small strip of final grain shows that the interior of the dovetail is hidden. Nevertheless, it is easier and faster to make than the secret dovetail miter. 

The double-lap dovetail joints are common, especially in more significant cases, such as sideboards or chests. Suppose the end grain is molded together with the long grain edges. In that case, the resulting shadow lines distinctly characterize the piece’s design.

A double-lap dovetail joint is in use for a wooden box

A double-lap dovetail joint is in use for a wooden box.

2.4 Secret Miter Dovetail Joint.

Many furniture made by carpenters is often not so stunning because of the visible appearance of joints.  A noticeable row of dovetails isn’t always aesthetically pleasing, no matter how elegantly made. The secret miter dovetail joint prevents this because it hides the visibility of the joint.

Additionally, this type of dovetail can provide a lot of strength. You can use them for cabinet shelves, sides, as well as partitions with drawer fronts. 

A secret miter dovetail joint is in use

A secret miter dovetail joint is in use.

Section 3: Which way is suitable for cutting the dovetail joint?

Let’s take a look at some suitable ways of cutting the dovetail joint.

  1. Using router
Cut dovetail joints

Cut dovetail joints.

A router is a hand-tool or power tool that cuts out hollow areas in rigid materials such as wood or plastic. In woodworking, you will typically find routers as a common tool. Typically in router tables, they are handheld or fixed, with the cutting finishing up.

The router’s hand tool type is the original form. It is a specialized hand plane that projects far beyond its base plate with a broad base and a narrow blade. Also, it has a spindle driven by an electric motor. 

Nevertheless, its power tool form is now the more common form. The hand tool version is now often referred to as router planes. It still has a few advantages over some power tools.

Advantages

  1. A router is a versatile tool. Hence, you can utilize it in making other types of joints.
  2. It is simple to set up and utilize. Unlike the chisel mortiser, the router requires less time to set up.
  3. Hand-cut
A hand-cut dovetail joint is in use

A hand-cut dovetail joint is in use.

A skilled carpenter has been producing dovetail joints for years using compact, precision saws and chisels. Usually, the carpenter ensures careful cutting on both sides of the wood using a chisel to prevent splintering. 

Hand-cut dovetail tenons can also hold the sides of furniture together. These dovetails offer numerous advantages, such as improved strength over extended periods. 

Advantages

  1. Hand-cut allows freedom of design since you will be utilizing hand tools to create the dovetail joint.
  2. It is very affordable.

Section 4: Cutting dovetail joint in hand-cut.

4.1 What tools do we need?

  1. Wood blocks or wood lengths are around 3/4 inches thick and 3 inches wide, and 5 inches high. 
  2. A pencil to mark each piece of wood is needed. 
  3. A backsaw and a coping saw will be useful.
  4. Two Chisels of sizes 3/4 inch and 1/2 inch
  5. A mallet
A dovetail joint

A dovetail joint.

4.2 Mark the Depth

Using a pencil, mark the thickness on all four sides of the wood. For this, you won’t need a marking gauge. However, keep one board close and make the marks against the other.

4.3 Mark Out the Tails

Transfer the marks, after marking the depths, to the end of the board. This way, you will create the same trace on the surface of all the boards. Then, transfer those marks across the top square to the board’s surface with a square tool. Also, make sure you point out the segments that you need to cut. 

4.4 Cut Tails

Next, you need to cut the tails of the dovetail joint. It would be best if you had a high degree of experience in cutting as well as making a dovetail. Steady hands are very important so as to ensure smooth surfaces.

4.5 Remove Tail Waste

Starting with a chisel (1/16″) from the depth line. You can chop a fast downstroke along the line. Then, at about 30 degrees, the angles are twisted. Next, insert the chisel straight into the stop line. Additionally, clean the wood back to the line for a proper match by under-cutting the joint.

4.6 Mark the Pins

Next, mark the pins on the joints using a cutting knife. Also, ensure you adhere to strict safety protocols to prevent accidents.

4.7 Cut the Pins

The pins of the dovetail

The pins of the dovetail.

The pins are cut in the vertical direction so as to obtain depth. Then, use a chisel to remove the waste.  

4.8 Remove Pin Waste

Chisel out the pin wastes after having a clean vertical cut with the hand saw. 

4.9 Final Fitting

The final fitting of the joints

The final fitting of the joints

The final fitting is the stage of testing the realistic view. However, you won’t get it to fit straight off the saw the first time. The correct position for cutting with a chisel must determine. You can build it by putting two boards together so that they overlap.  Use a chisel to cut the material until the match is tight.

NOTE| Be careful not to remove material from fit angles. It is to avoid having excess gaps after fitting.

4.10 Fit the Joint

After the final fitting, it should require a bit of force to put both boards together. Therefore, you can’t just develop the skills overnight. The more often you do it, the better and easier it will get.

For more information about cutting a dovetail joint, watch this video.

Summary

Nccuttingtools have taken you through the steps for easily making dovetail joints. We have experienced professionals to assist you with woodworking tools as well as activities. Do well to contact us for your woodworking tool needs as well as services. 

Cutting Bricks – 2 Steps You Should Take for Cutting Bricks Like a Professional

Brick cutting in progress

The advent of cutting bricks marked one of the revolutionary discoveries across the globe. Ever since its inception till date, bricks have remained the go-to and foremost building and construction material. Also, its strength and resistance to degradation or wear make it a number one choice. 

Despite their superior qualities, bricks are brittle, especially when not properly cured. Hence, you must pay extra care to cut bricks to avoid breakage and wastage. 

This article details the intricacies of cutting bricks and exposes some useful tips and tricks.  

Section 1: Which tools are appropriate?

The tools needed for cutting bricks would always vary based on the method used. Before now, a masonry chisel would perfectly cut bricks, although it is always tasking. And at least a 3/4 inch wide chisel would do the job well. 

Also, a brick hammer is great for cutting bricks. Nonetheless, if you want to use a bladed-brick chisel,  make sure it’s at least 3 inches wide. On the other hand, the downside to using hand tools is that they have poor precision. Consequently, it is safe to conclude that hand tools are easier to operate, flexible, and inexpensive.

However, the advent of power saws brought an end to poor accuracy and precision in cutting bricks. Nowadays, you can precisely cut bricks without the fear of committing a measurement error. In fact, these power saws could range from miter saws to angle grinders. Whether it’s the hand tool or power saw, you need to measure and mark out the region to cut.

In general, ensure you wear the appropriate safety gear such as goggles, a nose mask, and maybe a hand glove. The dust generated from cutting bricks is harmful to internal organs such as the lungs.

A worker operating an angle grinder with proper safety gear

Figure 2: A worker operating an angle grinder with proper safety gear.  

Section 2: How to cut bricks?

In this section, we describe cutting bricks with the use of both hand and power tool. Below are the steps to follow in chronological order:

2.1 Prepare tools

Ensure that you have the tools mentioned below ready to use and in good working condition. The tools you need will eventually depend on which approach you intend to use.

Angle grinder or Circular saw.

Pencil/Marker

Measuring tape

diamond masonry blade

Hammer

Chisel

Dust Mask

Square

Safety goggle

Workbench

Gloves

2.2 Cutting bricks with a circular saw or angle grinder.

Cutting bricks

 Cutting bricks

2.2.1 Draw a cutline.

With the pencil or marker, measuring tape, and square, measure and carefully draw the cutting line. This line will eliminate any possibility of making mistakes when you eventually start cutting, as it will guide you.

2.2.2 Attach a diamond masonry blade.

Since you are using an angle grinder or circular saw, then you must mount the blade. However, in this case, the blade is a diamond masonry blade installed using a wrench. Loosen the arbor nut or bolt and correctly place the blade with its teeth opposite the cutting direction. Lastly, tighten the bolt or nut as the case may be.  

Set of diamond blades

Figure 4: Set of diamond blades.

2.2.3 Test power tools.

Once you correctly mount the blade, you can plug in the saw or grinder to test run. The initial test run is to ascertain that the blade is balanced and will not wobble on the arbor. Now you can go for the cut.

 2.2.4 Cut the brick.

Remember that you have initially used a marker to mark-out the brick’s surface and bottom; now proceed to cut. Gradually progress into the brick, do not rush the process while allowing the blade to do the work. Start by cutting ½ inch deep; you can do this by setting the blade depth on the saw to ½ inch. But if it’s an angle grinder, use your discretion to figure out the initial depth to score the brick. Nevertheless, to avoid overheating, remove the blade from the brick every 30 seconds. The cutting depth into the brick largely depends on the brick’s thickness and the blade’s diameter.

Cutting brick using angle grinder

Figure 5: Cutting brick using angle grinder.

 2.2.5 Strike.

Place the already scored brick in a cantilever position and strike with a hammer. The unwanted part of the brick should fall off, and you can have your preferred brick size left. 

2.3 Cutting bricks with a chisel.

Brick chisel for cutting bricks

Figure 6: Brick chisel for cutting bricks.

 2.3.1 Draw a cutline.

With a pencil or marker, accurately draw the cutline around the four sides of the brick. 

2.3.2 Score along the cutlines.

Use a chisel placed at about 60 degrees to create initial grooves around the four-sided cutline. This groove should be about 1/16 inch deep.

2.3.3 Hammer along the groove.

Place a chisel along the scored cutline and firmly hammer. With a few precise hammerings, the unwanted part should come off.

2.3.4 Remove uneven and excess pieces of brick.

The wanted piece of brick may carry some excess brick along the freshly cut surface, chip them off. Either a chisel or stone carving file will perfectly do this job.

Section 3: Which is the best way to cut bricks?

Undoubtedly, the diamond saw blade is the best way to cut bricks, especially when precision is in dire need. Thus, this approach produces a clean cut without excess or uneven surface and edge. In addition, this approach requires no need for continuous hammering and stress that arises from chisel and hammer use. Therefore, only a saw blade or angle grinder will do the job efficiently and accurately for large projects.

Summary

In conclusion, we have outlined the various approaches to cutting bricks while also detailing the respective steps involved.  NCCuttingtools is an expert in the field of cutting tools and other related services. Should you require expert advice if you run into problems, do well to reach out. 

Wood Drill Bits: The Ultimate Complete Guide to Choose the Right One

Different sizes of wood drill bits

Are you planning on doing some woodworking? Whether you are a DIY enthusiast or a professional, it’s imperative to choose the project’s right drill bits.  You can pick between various types and materials, but it’s also vital to consider the specifics of the drilled application. In this article, we are focusing on how to choose wood drill bits. Our experts prepared a comprehensive guide and covered every detail. Here is what every woodworker should know to pick the right bit for the upcoming drilling project!

1. Major Types of Wood Drill Bits

You’ll find many wood drill bits types available in the market. While some categories overlap, we covered the main classes of these tools below. So, check out our selection and find your favorite.

1.1 Twist Bits (HSS)

A twist drill bit on a drilling tool

Caption: A twist drill bit on a drilling tool

Many would call these the standard drill bits for woodworking, but also other projects. It’s versatile and suitable for various applications, including plastic, wood, and even light metal. 

However, actual durability and performance will depend on the material selected. So, the experts suggest going with HSS twist bits made of high-speed steel. While drilling wood, make sure to clean the bit regularly because the flutes might capture the residue.

1.2 Brad Point Bits

Brad-point wood drill bit

Caption: Brad-point wood drill bit

Do you need to maximize accuracy when boring wooden applications? If the answer is yes, you’ll find brad-point units are the best drill bits for wood. 

These feature a sharp point on top to position everything correctly. Therefore, It ensures clean entrance and exit points. The extra-wide flutes make sure to direct the material away from the bit. 

1.3 Spade Bits

Spade drill bits closeup

Caption: Spade drill bits closeup

You’ll notice the spade shape, which is how the bit got its name. It’s easy to position and steady the bit while drilling the hole. If you need the hole to be wider, this tool is the right choice. However, you won’t find any flutes on spade bits. So, the chip removal is mostly the operator’s task.

1.4 Hole Saw

A hole saw close up

Caption: A hole saw close up

You can use a hole saw for wire-passing channels or setting up door and window hardware. The tool has a large diameter, and it makes it convenient for wider gaps than usual. Thanks to the pilot feature, it shouldn’t be challenging to position the tool properly. On top of that, it’s easy to remove any residue with the saw cylinder. It’s also possible to use a bi-metal hole saw for cutting through masonry and other rough materials.

1.5 Auger and Ship Auger Bits

An auger bit drilling wood

Caption: An auger bit drilling wood

You could say the auger bit’s tip has a screw-like shape. Once you initiate the hole, the form pulls the tool into the application. Thanks to that, the bit is capable of creating an accurate and mess-free hole. Additionally, this unit is an excellent choice for removing wood chips efficiently. 

Ship auger bits are a subcategory of these tools. They are suitable for unusually thick wooden applications, but also plastic and vinyl. Additionally, you can use them to cut through the nails without damaging the tool.

1.6 Pilot Drilling Countersink Bit

A countersink drill bit drilling a hole

Caption: A countersink drill bit drilling a hole

We could divide this bit’s performance into two categories. First, it drills a pilot hole. Next, it countersinks or counterbores them. Therefore, the fastener head goes under the application’s surface. The pilot drilling countersink bit does all these at a single pass, which makes it convenient to use.

2. What Are the Materials for Making the Woodworking Drill Bits?

High-speed drill bits on a white background

Caption: High-speed drill bits on a white background

It’s vital to consider both materials and coatings of preferred wood drill bits. However, we’ll first discuss the materials.

You have two options available, so choose carefully:

  • Carbon – steel with high and low carbon content can be suitable for drill bits. If you use a low-carbon drill, stick only to softwood. It would be best if you also sharpened them frequently, but their price is extremely affordable. On the other hand, high-carbon drills don’t require frequent sharpening, and they can be suitable for hardwood. Therefore, they are a better choice for demanding tasks.
  • HSS – it’s an abbreviation for high-speed steel. It is the highest quality material for drill bits because it can handle high heat while maintaining hardness and structure. 

As for the coatings, these are the available ones:

  • Titanium – It’s the most common coating option. It is resistant to corrosion and reasonably lightweight. On top of that, it’s relatively durable and can withstand high temps. 
  • Cobalt – professionals use these coatings primarily for metal. Therefore, it might not be necessary to invest in it if you plan only woodworking projects.
  • Zirconium – It features a mixture of zirconium nitride for additional durability. Additionally, it promotes accuracy because it reduces friction. 

3. How to Choose the Right Drill Bits for Woodworking

A closeup of the woodworking drill bit

Caption: A closeup of the woodworking drill bit

It’s always better to go with high-quality drill bits for wood. However, it’s all about finding the best balance between price and quality. Your crucial task is to find a bit suitable for your application. So, here are the primary factors to consider during the selection process!

Know the General Wood Type

The first thing to clarify is the material type. Therefore, you should be familiar with significant classes, which include hardwood and softwood. Now, these are the two main types, but there are many subcategories. 

For example, hickory is much tougher than pine. The experts advise you should go with wood boring drill bits that are tough. So, choose black oxide or titanium coating for additional strength. If you are only drilling soft materials, a simple steel bit should do the job. Despite that, it’s always smart to invest in a durable and long-lasting bit.

Assess the Type of Hole Needed

Another thing that could affect your selection is the hole type. Therefore, consider your plans. Would you like to install an anchor so that you can hang a picture in that hole? It will require picking the right bit size for the desired hole. On the other hand, a hole to pass a wire through might not need to be that accurate. 

4. How to Get a Wood Drill Bit Sharp Again

Sharpening a wood drill bit

Caption: Sharpening a wood drill bit

The primary tool to have for the sharpening process is a bench grinder. Before you start, make sure to put on safety goggles and other protective equipment.

Here are the steps for sharpening your wood drill bit.

  1. Analyze the bit to see which parts need sharpening and how much metal to remove. The idea is to keep as much of the bit material as possible.
  2. Activate the bench grinder and hold the bit firmly. Keep the bit straight as it contacts the wheel and starts the sharpening process.
  3. Avoid holding the bit against the grinder for over several seconds. Check the results and see if you need to continue sharpening. However, make sure to let the bit cool down – use water if necessary.
  4. Repeat the steps above with all sections of the bit that need sharpening.

You can also check out this video for an easy way to sharpen wood drill bits.

5. What Is the Right Speed to Drill Wood?

The suitable speed will depend on three factors – drill diameter, size, and the material you are drilling.

Here is a quick overview of suitable speeds for different woodworking drill bits:

  • Twist bits – the smallest drill bits from 3/16 to 3/8 inches can operate up to 3,000RPMs on softwood or 1,500RPMs on the hardwood. If you are using 1 1/16 – 1-inch diameters, limit the speed to 500RPMs for hard maple and similar materials and increase 750RPMs for softwood.
  • Brad-point – these can go up to 1,800RPMs for pine and other softwood materials. However, if you use ¾ or a larger drill diameter, consider reducing the speed to 1,000-1,200RPMs. If you are drilling hardwood, decrease the rate to 250RPMs for 1-inch diameter bits, and don’t go over 1,200RPMs for the smallest bits.
  • Spade – the speed can vary from 1,200 to RPMs for softwood and 700 to 1,500RPMs. The harder the material and the larger the bit, the slower the speed should be.

Ultimately, it will be a guessing game, but we provided some starting values in the list above. So, our recommendation is to start slow until you find a suitable speed for your material.

6. Tips for Maintaining Wood Bits

It doesn’t matter if you have short or long drill bits for wood. The maintenance tips remain the same. So, make sure to check them out below:

  • Use them with caution – the maintenance starts with using them properly. That means only using suitable speeds and good drill bits for that particular material. It minimizes the risk of damaging the tool.
  • Clean them regularly – it’s vital to clean the bit right after you finish an operation. That will ensure the tool remains clean for the upcoming tasks.
  • Store them away correctly – you should have a box for keeping the drill bits. Once you finish using them, please place them in that box to avoid potential damage.
  • Keep them free from moisture – you don’t want the bits to rust, which is why you should avoid water. 

Summary

Our article covered all the major points related to wood drill bits. We discussed the main types and materials and factors to consider when selecting your project’s right bit. 

If you need additional tools in your collection, don’t hesitate to contact NCCuttingtools today. The company provides a vast selection of tools and accessories and is ready to meet customized order requirements. If you have any questions or items required for your next project, don’t hesitate to contact us.

Drill Bits for Wood – How to Drill a Hole in Wood?

A drilled hole and bit

About Drill bits for wood, Countless projects occur daily across the globe, and they involve the use of various techniques and machines. However, one of the most prominent among these techniques is drilling, whether for metal, wood, plastic, etc.

Most importantly, drilling a hole allows for the use of fasteners. Hence, in any woodwork, drilling a hole is essential for its success. Factors such as wood type, hole size contribute to the nature of drill bits for woods needed for a task. 

Consequently, this article will enlighten you on taking to drilling a hole in wood properly. 

A drilled hole and bit.

Figure 1: A drilled hole and bit.

Section 1: Which tools can we use between drill bits and driving Bits?

Generally, a drill bit makes a hole and can also drive screws through woods. On the other hand, a driving bit can only drive screws through woods. Below are few types of drill and driving bits and their corresponding use:

Drill bits:

Forstner bit- This is perfect for dowels and comes in various sizes.

Spade- This has a center bit that stabilizes it through large hole drilling.

Countersink- Creates a canonical hole that allows for an effortless flush of screw heads with the wood.

Helical- The most common among all drill bits with varying sizes (diameter and length).

Hole saw- This also makes a large hole, but it does not create chips. Instead, the waste ejected is cylindrical. 

A Forstner bit.

Figure 2: A Forstner bit.

Driving bits:

Torx- This has a higher ability to get adequately torqued without the risk of a cam-out. However, it’s not readily available in most markets.

Allen- This is similar to Torx with all its characteristics but rarely used in woodworks. 

Phillip- This is by far the most versatile driving bit and screw head. It is possible to drive undersized or oversized screws. More so, you are not likely to experience cam-out (breaking of the screw head due to overtightening). 

Robertson- It’s quite rare but also known as a square drive. It does not cam-out and is very easy to use.

Slot- This is the most common driver style, which requires less force to drive but can easily cam-out.  

Allen key

Figure 3: Allen key 

A drill bit is the best option to drill wood due to its versatility over driving bits. Also, bits are more available and easier to lay hands on than driving bits. 

Section 2: Prepare the tools we need.

Undoubtedly, you will require some tools to effectively drill and they are as follows:

  • Drill
  • Center punch
  • Tape
  • Pencil

Section 3: How to drill a hole in the wood with drill bits for wood?

Drilling in progress.

Figure 4: Drilling in progress.

3.1 Mark the spot with a pencil or tape before you begin.

Once you have correctly measured the spot you want the hole located on, then you must mark. You can mark with a pencil or use tape to make an “X” sign on the spot to drill.  The use of tape is better because it eliminates the risk of a tear-out when drilling commences. 

3.2 Create an indent that your drill bit can grip.

With a center punch, you can create an indent at the center of the taped or pencil-marked portion. This indent will help to guide the drill bit as it advances into the wood when drilling commences. Ultimately, an indentation prevents the drill bit from slipping off the marked point. 

3.3 Choose the right size drill bit for wood.

It would help if you decided on the depth and diameter of the hole you want before starting to drill. Then you can proceed to select appropriate drill bits for wood from the available set. Remember that the drilled hole must not be too big either too small for the fastener to pass through. Hence, correct sizing is exceptionally vital. 

If the hole is for the nail to pass through, make it a bit smaller than the nail size. On the other hand, if the hole is for screws, make it the same as the screw’s body. Besides, some charts bear the corresponding drill bits for the wood needed for a particular fastener. It is better off to have a smaller hole that allows for expansion than a bigger hole for the fastener.

3.4 Clamp your wood boards to steady them.

When drilling, vibrations will occur, and these might dislodge the wood boards and cause errors. Thus, there is a need to clamp them when drilling. More so, clamping the boards will allow you to drill with both hands properly. Sometimes, apply some glue to a portion of the boards before clamping.

3.5 Keep your drill bit perpendicular and slowly drill your pilot hole.

Provided you have properly clamped the boards; you can then expect a precise perpendicularity of the drill bit. Start drilling at a slow speed via the indent and gradually increase the speed if required. Also, ensure you have strapped-on the proper safety gears, especially safety goggles.

3.6 Know when to stop.

As said earlier, you must have determined the hole’s expected depth, which corresponds to that of the fastener. Once you reach the target depth, stop drilling immediately. 

3.7 Achieve a rough pilot hole without a power drill.

In a case where a power drill is not accessible, use a nail to create the hole. Afterward, remove the nail and manually drive in the screw.  

Section 4: How to drill a large hole in wood?

Drilling large holes differ from the usual small holes, which drill bits for wood drills. Using a hole saw, you can drill large holes from 19mm up to 57mm. Any hole less in size is a small one and a regular drill bit can drill such. Unlike drill bits for wood, the hole saw has teeth around its round tube with a pilot bit. 

To drill a large hole with a hole saw, carry out the following steps:

  1. Mount the hole saw on the drill’s arbor bearing in mind the size of hole you intend to drill. 
  2. Fix the pilot bit on the arbor via its shank and a grub screw to hold it in place.
  3. Ensure that the pilot bit protrudes past the hole saw’s teeth to give stability and accuracy when drilling.
  4. Start and complete your drilling at a low gear and speed setting. 
A hole saw

Figure 5: A hole saw.

Section 5: How to prevent the wood from tearing when drilling?

Majorly tearing occurs on the exit side of the wood when using drill bits for wood. It happens when some wood fiber gets stuck to the bit’s tip, and you pull out. You can prevent this by using a sacrificial board on the exit side of the primary workpiece.  

Summary 

Finally, we have demonstrated the crucial steps to use drill bits for wood to make holes. We have outlined other useful tips to help you achieve great results during drilling as well. NCCuttingtools is a force to reckon with in general and customized cutting tools production and supply. Should you require any assistance or help, do not hesitate to reach out.

Metal Drill Bits – 5 Tips You Must Know to Choose and use the Best Metal Drill Bits

Drill bits

Choosing the best metal drill bits can prove to be a game-changer for your project. However, this is not so easy as there are several types of metal drill bits. These drill bits vary by size, shape, and drill point angles. Hence, there are several tips you must consider for your drilling projects.

This article will talk about the different metal drill bits and their applications for various purposes. You will be able to tell different metal drill bits and which is best to give the highest productivity for your project.

Section 2: Drill bit types for metal.

Because different drill types are suitable for different metals, you must understand the types of drill bits and their application to different materials.

2.1 Step bit.

step drill bit is a drill bit with a conical profile. The conical structure of the step bit makes it suitable for cutting wider ranges of holes. Therefore, the step bit is common among construction workers and metal sheet benders. The configuration of the step bit makes them most suitable for cutting soft materials as well as metals. The greatest advantage of the step is its diameter maneuvering feature, making for a smoother and neater cut. 

step drill bits

step drill bits

2.2 Twist bit.

Twist drill bits are probably the most commonly used type of drill bit, usually for general and non-expert drilling applications. The primary feature that characterizes a twist bit is its helix profile shape, which allows for easy cutting for even non-experts. 

Long twist drill bits are for drilling openings that run further than a standard-length drill bit. Additionally, they can cut hard metals of great thickness. 

Section 3: What to Consider When Choosing the Best Drill Bits for Metal?

To get the best out of your workpiece, you have to have the very best drill bit for metals. It will involve putting many factors into consideration, from the material type to the size of the drill bit. Choosing the best drill bit for your workpiece can improve your drill bits’ shelf life immensely as well as offer a better economic value. Below are several factors that you must consider in choosing your drill bit for metals

3.1 Material

Most drill bits for metals are either high-speed steel or carbide. Also, they can be cobalt. Nevertheless, different drill bits have different properties and applications, which makes them distinct from each other. Observe below the different material types and their application.

3.1.1 HSS

HSS is one of the most popular drill bits due to its all-round application and diverse applications. This tool is best suitable to cut non ferrous and ferrous metals, and it can also cut carbon steel should the need arise.

HSS drill bit

HSS drill bit

3.1.2 Cobalt steel

Cobalt steel is also a popular metal in a wide range of industries. However, unlike many other metals, it is most suitable for cutting nonferrous metals. 

Cobalt drill bits

Cobalt drill bits

3.1.3 Carbide-tipped

The carbide tipped drill bit is a masonry bit that is particularly suitable for cutting hard materials. It has a longer shelf life, making it more durable and cost-effective than most metal drill bits. 

Carbide-tipped
Carbide-tipped

3.1.4 Carbide

This material type is best suitable for cutting nonferrous metals. Drill bits with this material are most compatible with stronger metals due to wear resistance and shelf life.

carbide drill bits

carbide drill bits

3.2 Coating

Drill bit coating is also an important aspect to discuss. It covers the drill bits, and it helps to reduce friction, buckling, and wear. Most bits usually have titanium as coatings to reduce overheating and increase productivity. 

 3.2.1 Uncoated

Uncoated bits are particularly applicable to cutting plastic, woods, as well as soft metals like aluminum. Because the materials are generally of low density and strength, uncoated drill bits work perfectly. 

3.2.2 Black oxide/ Black and gold oxide

The black oxide coating helps to increase chip flow and subsequently reduce friction. They are mostly suitable for cutting ferrous materials.  

drill bit with a black oxide coating

drill bit with a black oxide coating

 3.2.3 Titanium-nitride (TiN) coated

These are similar to uncoated drill bits. However, TiN coated bits can admittedly cut faster than uncoated bits. Additionally, they have a higher shelf life, thereby offering more economic value. 

TiN-coated bits

TiN-coated bits

 3.2.4 Titanium-aluminum-nitride (TiAlN)/ Aluminum-titanium-nitride (AlTiN) coated

AlTiN is the strongest coating, which makes it best suitable for cutting both stronger and softer irons. TiAlN, on the other hand, has applications in high-alloy carbon steel and titanium. 

3.3 Shank Design 

The shank is the end of your drill bit that you attach to your drill chuck. However, it is worthy of mentioning that we have different chuck sizes and match the corresponding bit size. Let’s take a look at these shank types.

 3.3.1 no-spin shank.

The no-spin shank comes with a unique flute design that keeps the drill bit from wandering.

 3.3.2 Hex shank.

The hex shank comes with a sturdy six side design that helps it remain steady during cutting operations on hard metals.

3.4 Nit style

The nit style of a drill bit is essential because they are responsible for carrying out cutting. More so, they also determine the type of cuts that applies to your metal.

 3.4.1 Spiral-flute

Spiral or Standard flute is the most common type of nit style with a 30° angle inclination. Hence, they are suitable for hard metals.

 3.4.2 Parabolic spiral-flute

Parabolic spiral flute design cuts in a self-clearing way as it helps remove chips as you continue cutting. They are most suitable for cutting plastics and aluminum. 

Section 4: How to Tell If a Drill Bit Is for Metal?

There are different ways you can tell if a drill bit is for metal or other materials. Hence, you must take note of the following.

4.1 The tip angle

The tip angle will determine the type of material the drill bit can cut. The common angles include 118 and 135 degrees. For most minor drilling tasks, drill bits with 118-degree tip angles are suitable. However, if you are looking to cut on hardened materials or metals, then the drill bits with a 135-degree tip angle are perfect.  

4.2 Metal-boring bits

Like in the tip angles, metal drill bits have a flute taper configuration between 118- or 135-degree angles.  Also, as a rule, you should utilize the 135 degrees variant for metal boring.

4.3 The step bit option

If you have to undertake an all-purpose project, you should opt for a cone-shaped step bit. The cone shape helps you determine the diameter of the hole at each step. You can opt for a conventional HSS variant. However, if you are looking for a stronger bit with higher shelf life, choose the gold variant with titanium nitride.

Section 5: Tips for Using Drill Bits for Metal

Buying a drill bit can be difficult, especially if you are personally researching the profile design, material type, and different applications. Manufacturers guide every drill bit they produce to help ease this burden, indicating their design and application. Below are a few tips that can prove useful in using a drill bit.

  • Create a depression or pilot hole with a center punch to reduce wandering from the drill bit.
  • Always add lubrication as you drill to reduce wear on the bit and reduce overheating. 
  • Always cut at intervals to prevent the drill bit from buckling and breaking.

Section 6: FAQ: About Your New Drill Bits for Metal

Using a drill bit can prove tricky, especially if you are an amateur. More so, you will have basic questions on using the drill bit. Not to worry, you will find any and such questions along with their answers below.

6.1 Is a cobalt or titanium drill bit better?

Depending on the kind of project you are working on, you can choose either. You can opt for titanium for softer materials like aluminum. However, cobalt is more suited to hard metals.

6.2 How can you drill through thick metal? 

To cut through thick metal using a hand drill is a better option than the drill press. The hand drill offers a smoother and cleaner hole cut. Using sufficient lubrication is also a plus in cutting thick metal. Finally, it would be best if you cut at intervals to allow metal rest to prevent overheating.

6.3 How can I sharpen my drill bits for metal?

You can use a bench grinder to make your cutting-edge sharper. Keeping your cutting edge sharp will make you cut better and increase the drill bit’s shelf life.

6.4 Do I need to clean drill bits after each use?

After every cutting operation, take a soft cloth to wipe off every residue left to prevent dullness and corrosion.

6.5 How do I remove a broken drill bit from metal?

Pick a pair of pliers and add lubrication oil to your broken drill bit before grabbing the fractured end with your plier. 

Summary

Metal drill bits are a popular tool among professional, skilled users as well as unskilled operators. However, choosing the best drill bit for a project can prove tricky than most people can handle.

In this article, you must have learned about numerous essential tips for drill bits for metal. However, as you are looking to carry out drill bit projects, NCCuttingtools has got you covered. We have the best products as well as professionals to attend to all drill bit needs. Contact us today. 

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